Some Facts of Athens Games


  • The Olympic games were started in 776 BC on Mount Olympus in the honour of Greek God 'Zeus'.
  • In the flag of Olympics, there is a symbol of five coloured circles joining each other.
  • The Olympic games are organised after every four years.
  • The flag of Olympic Games was recognised in the year 1913 and was hoisted first time in Antwerp Olympic Games in 1920.
  • The tradition to list the Olympic flame was started in Amsterdom Olympic Games in 1928. (This flame is lighted with Sun-rays.)
  • The Head office of International Olympic Committee is in Lusane (Switzerland.)
  • Participation of women in Olympic games started in the Second Olympic Games in 1900.
  • First Indian player who participated in the Olympic games was an Anglo-Indian 'Norman Prichard', who took part in the Second Olympic Games in 1900 and won two medals in Athletics.
  • First women participant of India in the Olympic games was Marrie Lila Ro.
  • International Olympic Committee was founded in 1894 at "Chakhon".
  • Generally, in the inaugural ceremony of Olympic games the team of Greece got first place and host team is placed in the last March Past parade. The teams of other places are placed in the alphabetical order of English alphabets.
  • The first woman referee in the football was a Canadian lady Sonia Denancord in (Atlanta Olympics.)
  • The maximum number of gold medal winner sports women is Larina Lavyanina. She has won 18 medals including a maximum of 9 gold medals.
  • The maximum gold medal winners sports women in one Olympic is Christina Otty. She got 6 gold medals in swimming in Seoul Olympic of 1986.


Nick name
Place
Golden City
Amritsar
Manchester of India
Ahmadabad
City of seven islands
Mumbai
Sorrow of Bengal
Damodar river
Sorrow of Bihar
Kosi River
Blue Mountains
Nilgiri
Queen of Arabian Sear
Kochi
Space City
Bengaluru
Garden City of India
Bengaluru
Silicon valley of India
Bengaluru
Electronic City of India
Bengaluru
Pink City
Jaipur
Gateway of India
Mumbai
Twin City
Hyderabad-Sikandarabad
City of festivals
Mudurai
Deccan Queen
Pune
City of Buildings
Kolkata
Dakshin Ganga
Godavari
Old Ganga
Godavari
Egg bowls of Asia
Andhra Pradesh
Soya region
Madhya Pradesh
Manchester of the South
Coimbatore
City of Nawabs
Lucknow
Venice of the east
Kochi
Queen of the Mountains
Mussoorie (Uttarkhand)
Sacred river
Ganga
Hollywood of India
Mumbai
City of Castles
Kolkata
State of five rivers
Punjab
City of weavers
Panipat
City of lakes
Srinagar
Steel city of India
Jamshedpur (called Tatanagar)
City of Temples
Varanasi
Manchester of the north
Kanpur
City of Rallies
New Delhi
Heaven of India
Jammu & Kashmir
Boston of India
Ahmadabad
Garden of spices of India
Kerala
Switzerland of India
Kashmir
Abode of the God
Prayag (Allahabad)
Pittsburg of India
Jamshedpur


Major branches of Physics

Acoustics
It is the study of production and properties of sound
Atomic Physics
It is the study of structure and properties of an atom.
Biophysics
It applies tools of physics to life processes
Cryogenics
It is the study of low-temperature
Electrodynamics
It is the analysis of relationship between electrostatic and magnetic fields.
Fluid Physics
It deals with movement of liquid and gases
Mechanics
It deals with behaviour of object and system to various forces.
Nuclear/Modem Physics
It is concerned with structure and properties of atomic nucleus and their reactions.

Famous Scientists And Their Contributions



Technologies
Scientific Principal(s)
Steam engine
Laws of thermodynamics
Nuclear reactor
Nuclear fission
Radio and television
Propagation of electromagnetic waves
Computers
Distal logic
Lasers
Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (population inversion)
Production of ultra-magnetic fields
Superconductivity
Rocket propulsion
Newton's law of motion
Electric generator
Farday's Laws of electromagnetic induction
Hydroelectric power
Conversion of gravitational potential energy into electric energy
Aeroplane
Bernoull's principle in fluid dynamics
Particle accelerator
Motion of charged articles in electromagnetic fields
Sonar
Reflection of ultrasonic waves

Four Fundamental Forces In Nature 

There are four fundamental forces in nature that govern the diverse phenomena of the macroscopic and microscopic world. These different type of forces are:
  • Gravitational force
  • Electromagnetic force
  • Strong nuclear force
  • Weak nuclear force
The unification of different forces/domains in nature is a basic quest in physics, the gravitational force is the force of mutual attraction between any two object's by virtue of their masses. It is a universal force. The electromagnetic force is the force between charged particles. The strong nuclear force is the force between protons and neutrons. The weak nuclear force appears only in certain nuclear processes such as beta-decay of nucleus.

Names
Major Contribution/Discoveries
Country of Origin
Isaac Newton
Universal Law of gravitation; Laws of Motion; Reflecting Telescope
U.K
Galileo Galilee
Law of Inertia
Italy
Archimedes
Principle of Buoyancy; Principle of the lever
Greece
James Clerk Maxwell
Electromagnetic theory; Light and electromagnetic wave
U.K.
W.K. Roentgen
X-rays
Germany
Marie Sklodowska Curie
X-rays
Poland
Albert Einstein
Law of Photo electricity; Theory of relativity
Germany
S.N. Bose
Quantum Statistics
India
James Chadwick
Neutron
U.K.
Niels Bohr
Quantum Model of Hydrogen atom
Denmark
Earnest Rutherford
Nuclear model of atom
Denmark
C. V Raman
Inelastic scattering of light by molecules
India
Christian Huygens
Wave theory of light
Holland
Michael Faraday
Laws of electromagnetic Induction
U.K
Edwin Hubble
Expanding Universe
U.S.A
Homi Jehangir Bhabha
Cascade process in cosmic radiation
India
Abdus Salam
Unification of weak and electromagnetic interactions
Pakistan
R.A. Millikan
Measurement of electronic charge
USA
Earnest Olando Lawrence
Cyclotron
U.S.A
Wolfgang Pauli
Quantum Exclusion Principles
Austria
Louis victor de Broglie
Wave Nature of matter
France
J.J. Thomson
Electron
UK
S. Chandrasekhar
Chandrasekhar limit, structure and evolution of starts
India
Lev Davidovich Landau
Theory of condensed matter; Liquid Helium
Russia
Heinrich Rudolf Hertz
Electromagnetic waves
Germany
J.C. Bose
Ultra short radio waves
India
Hideki Yukawa
Theory of Nuclear forces
Japan
Werner Heisenberg
Quantum Mechanics; Uncertainty Principles
Germany
Victor Francis Hess
Cosmic Radiation
Austria
M.N. Saha
Thermal Ionization
India
G.N. Ramachandran
Triple Helical Structure of Proteins
India

Iron

Lean red meat, chicken, turkey, fish, cereals, beans, whole grains, and dark-green leafy vegetables.

Calcium

Dairy products such as milk, cheese and yogurt, and dark-green leafy vegetables such as broccoli and kale.

Magnesium

Green vegetables (like okra; pictured), some beans, nuts, seeds, and unrefined whole grains.

Vitamin A

Leafy green vegetables, orange and yellow vegetables, tomato products, fruits, dairy products, liver, fish, and fortified cereals.

Folate

Natural sources include leafy green vegetables, fruits, and beans; the synthetic form of folate (folic acid) is found in supplements and often added to enriched cereals, breads, pastas, and rice.

Biotin

Cauliflower, liver, avocado, and raspberries.

Vitamin B Complex

Fish, poultry, meat, eggs, dairy products, leafy green vegetables, legumes, many cereals, and some breads.

Vitamin C

All fruits and vegetables, particularly citrus fruits, red pepper, and broccoli.

Vitamin D

Flesh of fatty fish, such as salmon and tuna, and fish liver oils, with small amounts in beef liver, cheese, and egg yolks; and vitamin-D-fortified milk and orange juice. While vitamin D occurs naturally in very few foods, most people actually meet at least some of their vitamin D needs through exposure to sunlight.

Omega 3

Fish—particularly fatty fish like salmon, tuna, sardines, and mackerel—and plants and nut oils.

Probiotics

Yogurt, kefir, and other dairy products.

Antioxidant

Green tea is widely available. It is a powerful antioxidant.

Resveratrol

Grapes, grape juice, wine (especially red), peanuts, and berries.


  • Stop spending time with the wrong people. 
  • Stop running from your problems.
  • Stop lying to yourself.
  • Stop putting your own needs on the back burner.
  • Stop trying to be someone you’re not.
  • Stop trying to hold onto the past. 
  • Stop being scared to make a mistake. 
  • Stop berating yourself for old mistakes. 
  • Stop trying to buy happiness.
  • Stop exclusively looking to others for happiness.
  • Stop being idle.
  • Stop thinking you’re not ready.
  • Stop getting involved in relationships for the wrong reasons. 
  • Stop rejecting new relationships just because old ones didn’t work. 
  • Stop trying to compete against everyone else.
  • Stop being jealous of others.
  • Stop complaining and feeling sorry for yourself. 
  • Stop holding grudges.
  • Stop letting others bring you down to their level.
  • Stop wasting time explaining yourself to others. 
  • Stop doing the same things over and over without taking a break.
  • Stop overlooking the beauty of small moments
  • Stop trying to make things perfect. 
  • Stop following the path of least resistance.
  • Stop acting like everything is fine if it isn’t. 
  • Stop blaming others for your troubles. 
  • Stop trying to be everything to everyone.
  • Stop worrying so much.
  • Stop focusing on what you don’t want to happen.
  • Stop being ungrateful. 



Sports

Number of Players

Baseball
9
Rugby football
15
Polo
4
Water Polo
7
Kho Kho
9
Kabaddi
7
Hockey
11
Football (Soccer)
11
Cricket
11
Netball
7
Volleyball
6
Badminton
1 or 2 (Singles & Doubles respectively)
Tennis
1 or 2 (Singles & Doubles respectively)
Table Tennis
1 or 2 (Singles & Doubles respectively)
Basketball
5
Gymnastic
Several individuals compete simultaneously
Billiards/Snooker
1
Boxing
1
Chess
1
Bridge
2
Croquet
13 or 15
Golf
Several individuals compete simultaneously
Lacrosse
12

Court/Campus/Field

Games/Sports

Court
Tennis, Badminton, Net Ball, Handball, Volleyball, Squash, Kho-Kho, Kabaddi
Diamond
Baseball
Ring
Sketing, Boxing
Course
Golf
Pool
Swimming
Board
Table Tennis
Mat
Judo, Karate, Taikwondo
Arena
Horse riding
Vellodrome
Cycling
Field
Polo, Football, Hockey
Track
Athletics
Pitch
Cricket
Greens
Bowls
Rink
Curling, Ice Hockey
Range
Shooting, Archery


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