Without paying any attention to plea from whole world, Iran, on 22nd October hanged 26 years old Reyhaneh Jabbari to death for a crime of saving her own life and dignity by stabbed a man who allegedly tried to rape her.

Here is complete translated text of letter she wrote to her mother Sholen prior to her death it is loaded with emotions. She calls her death - retribution.
Dear Sholeh, today I learned that it is now my turn to face Qisas [the law of retribution in the Iranian legal system]. I am hurt as to why you did not let me know yourself that I have reached the last page of the book of my life. Don’t you think that I should know? You know how ashamed I am that you are sad. Why did you not take the chance for me to kiss your hand and that of dad?

The world allowed me to live for 19 years. That ominous night it was I that should have been killed. My body would have been thrown in some corner of the city, and after a few days, the police would have taken you to the coroner’s office to identify my body and there you would also learn that I had been raped as well. The murderer would have never been found since we don’t have their wealth and their power. Then you would have continued your life suffering and ashamed, and a few years later you would have died of this suffering and that would have been that.

However, with that cursed blow the story changed. My body was not thrown aside, but into the grave of Evin Prison and its solitary wards, and now the grave-like prison of Shahr-e Ray. But give in to the fate and don’t complain. You know better that death is not the end of life.
You taught me that one comes to this world to gain an experience and learn a lesson and with each birth a responsibility is put on one’s shoulder. I learned that sometimes one has to fight. I do remember when you told me that the carriage man protested the man who was flogging me, but the flogger hit the lash on his head and face that ultimately led to his death. You told me that for creating a value one should persevere even if one dies.
You taught us that as we go to school one should be a lady in face of the quarrels and complaints. Do you remember how much you underlined the way we behave? Your experience was incorrect. When this incident happened, my teachings did not help me. Being presented in court made me appear as a cold-blooded murderer and a ruthless criminal. I shed no tears. I did not beg. I did not cry my head off since I trusted the law.

But I was charged with being indifferent in face of a crime. You see, I didn’t even kill the mosquitoes and I threw away the cockroaches by taking them by their antennas. Now I have become a premeditated murderer. My treatment of the animals was interpreted as being inclined to be a boy and the judge didn’t even trouble himself to look at the fact that at the time of the incident I had long and polished nails.

How optimistic was he who expected justice from the judges! He never questioned the fact that my hands are not coarse like those of a sportswoman, especially a boxer. And this country that you planted its love in me never wanted me and no one supported me when under the blows of the interrogator I was crying out and I was hearing the most vulgar terms. When I shed the last sign of beauty from myself by shaving my hair I was rewarded: 11 days in solitary.

Dear Sholeh, don’t cry for what you are hearing. On the first day that in the police office an old unmarried agent hurt me for my nails I understood that beauty is not looked for in this era. The beauty of looks, beauty of thoughts and wishes, a beautiful handwriting, beauty of the eyes and vision, and even beauty of a nice voice.
My dear mother, my ideology has changed and you are not responsible for it. My words are unending and I gave it all to someone so that when I am executed without your presence and knowledge, it would be given to you. I left you much handwritten material as my heritage.
However, before my death I want something from you, that you have to provide for me with all your might and in any way that you can. In fact this is the only thing I want from this world, this country and you. I know you need time for this.

Therefore, I am telling you part of my will sooner. Please don’t cry and listen. I want you to go to the court and tell them my request. I cannot write such a letter from inside the prison that would be approved by the head of prison; so once again you have to suffer because of me. It is the only thing that if even you beg for it I would not become upset although I have told you many times not to beg to save me from being executed.
My kind mother, dear Sholeh, the one more dear to me than my life, I don’t want to rot under the soil. I don’t want my eye or my young heart to turn into dust. Beg so that it is arranged that as soon as I am hanged my heart, kidney, eye, bones and anything that can be transplanted be taken away from my body and given to someone who needs them as a gift. I don’t want the recipient know my name, buy me a bouquet, or even pray for me.

I am telling you from the bottom of my heart that I don’t want to have a grave for you to come and mourn there and suffer. I don’t want you to wear black clothing for me. Do your best to forget my difficult days. Give me to the wind to take away.
The world did not love us. It did not want my fate. And now I am giving in to it and embrace the death. Because in the court of God I will charge the inspectors, I will charge inspector Shamlou, I will charge judge, and the judges of country’s Supreme Court that beat me up when I was awake and did not refrain from harassing me.
In the court of the creator I will charge Dr. Farvandi, I will charge Qassem Shabani and all those that out of ignorance or with their lies wronged me and trampled on my rights and didn’t pay heed to the fact that sometimes what appears as reality is different from it.

Dear soft-hearted Sholeh, in the other world it is you and me who are the accusers and others who are the accused. Let’s see what God wants. I wanted to embrace you until I die. I love you.


Dr. Jonas Salk is credited for his discovery of a vaccine which cured Polio. Polio, also known as Poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis is an acute viral disease which caused disability among millions of people worldwide.

Before 1955, controlling numbers of Polio cases was one of the most challenging task before researchers and Polio was most infamous threat to children. This situation started changing after Jonas Salk - who was an American physician and medical researcher - developed the first safe and effective vaccine for polio known to world as The Salk vaccine, or inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV).

Jonas Salk was born October 28, 1914, (it's 100th birthday today) in New York City. In 1942 at the University of Michigan School of Public Health he became part of a group that was working to develop a vaccine against the flu. In 1947 he became head of the Virus Research Lab at the University of Pittsburgh. At Pittsburgh he began research on polio. On April 12, 1955, the vaccine was released for use in the United States. He established the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in 1963. Salk died in 1995.

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Here are 5 Reasons Why You Feel Tired
  • Acidic Cells - During the daytime, when sodium and calcium enter the cell and push out potassium and magnesium, you have a change in the conditions within the cell. As the day progresses, the cell becomes more acidic, more toxic. The build-up of sodium and calcium and the diminution of potassium and magnesium are what lead to tiredness and the need to sleep. It is said that every hour we sleep before midnight is worth two hours of sleep after midnight, and in terms of our ability to effectively cleanse, this is correct.
  • Lack of Sleep - At the end of the day, when we have a build-up of toxicity in our cells, it is important to get enough sleep to cleanse. During that time, the sodium and calcium, under the attractive influence of the moon, move back out of the cell, and the potassium and magnesium move back in. As the sodium and calcium leave the cell, they bring with them toxicity. Once out of the cells, the toxins enter the lymphatic system. They move through it until they reach the blood. With each heartbeat, the lymph will drop into the blood. So the toxins move from the cell into the lymph and then into the blood. The blood flows around the body to the liver, which is the great filter. The liver extracts the toxicity from the blood, discharges it into the bile, and the bile flows via the common bile duct into the gall bladder. From here it travels into the duodenum, goes through the small intestines into the colon and finally out of the body.
  • Taking Short Breaths - Toxins are also expelled through the skin and lungs. Every time we exhale, we not only release carbon dioxide but also toxins. However, the movement from cell to lymph, lymph to blood, blood to liver, liver to bile and out is our primary route of detoxification. This route of elimination must be free flowing for us to remain healthy, and we need to detoxify on a daily basis. We can help this process by taking long, rejuvenating breaths in and out.
  • Poor Functioning Electrolytes - If the night-time cleanse is complete and all of the sodium, calcium and toxicity leave the cell, the charge around the cell membrane will be correct by the end of the night. When this happens, the person wakes up feeling refreshed, energized and ready for the day ahead. It is very common, however, for people to wake up tired in the morning even after a long night’s sleep. This is because the cellular exchange of electrolytes is not fully functioning; therefore, the person is not fully cleansing.
  • The Phase of the Moon- In the day/night cycle we see that the moon has a strong influence on sodium, but it also has further subtle influences on us. If you think of the zodiac as a means of marking the passage of time, the position of the moon in the zodiac changes roughly every two to three days. Each zodiac sign influences a different part of our body.
During the waxing phase of the moon it is much easier for the cell to draw things into itself. During the waning phase of the moon it is much easier for the cell to release. This means that nurturing takes place more on the waxing moon and detoxifying more on the waning moon.


Automobile Manufacturers of Germany— Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Opel, Porsche, Volkswagen, RUF

Automobile Manufacturers of Japan — Honda, Acura(A division of Honda), Nissan, Infiniti(A division of Nissan), Isuzu, Lexus, Mazda Mitsubishi Motors, Subaru, Suzuki, Toyota, Yamaha

Automobile Manufacturers of India — Bajaj, Hero MotoCorp, Maruti Suzuki, Mahindra & Mahindra Limited, Tata Motors, TVS, Ashok Leyland, Hindustan Motors

Automobile Manufacturers of Italy — Alfa Romeo, Ferrari. Fiat, Lamborghini,

Automobile Manufacturers of America — Chevrolet, Dodge, Ford, General Motors

Automobile Manufacturers of England — Aston Martin, Jaguar, Land Rover, McLaren

Other important Automobile Manufacturers —

Hyundai - south korea
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Volvo – Sweden
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Peugeot - France
Skoda – Czech

1. Google— Larry Page & Sergey Brin
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The Nobel Assembly on 6 October 2014 decided to award the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to John O´Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser. The award was given for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain.

The Nobel Laureates of 2014 have discovered a positioning system, aninner GPS in the brain that makes it possible to orient ourselves in space, demonstrating a cellular basis for higher cognitive function.

Positioning System

In 1971, John O´Keefe discovered the first component of this positioning system. He found that a type of nerve cell in an area of the brain called the hippocampus that was always activated when a rat was at a certain place in a room. Other nerve cells were activated when the rat was at other places. O´Keefe concluded that these place cells formed a map of the room.

More than three decades later, in 2005, May-Britt and Edvard Moser discovered another key component of the brain’s positioning system. They identified another type of nerve cell, which they called grid cells,that generate a coordinate system and allow for precise positioning and pathfinding. Their subsequent research showed how place and grid cells make it possible to determine position and to navigate.

The discoveries of John O´Keefe, May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser have solved a problem that has occupied philosophers and scientists for centuries – how does the brain create a map of the space surrounding us and how can we navigate our way through a complex environment?

About the awardess
John O’Keefe: He was born in 1939 in New York City, USA. He holds both American and British citizenships. John O´Keefe is currently Director of the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre in Neural Circuits and Behaviour at University College London.

He received his doctoral degree in physiological psychology from McGill University, Canada in 1967. After that, he moved to England for postdoctoral training at University College London. He has remained at University College and was appointed Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience in 1987.
May-Britt Moser: She was born in Norway in 1963 and is a Norwegian citizen. Currently, she is the Director of the Centre for Neural Computation in Trondheim. She studied psychology at the University of Oslo together with her future husband and co-Laureate Edvard Moser. She received her Ph.D. in neurophysiology in 1995.
She was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Edinburgh and subsequently a visiting scientist at University College London before moving to the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim in 1996. May-Britt Moser was appointed Professor of Neuroscience in 2000.

Edvard I. Moser: He was born in 1962 in Norway and has Norwegian citizenship. Currently, he is the director of the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience in Trondheim.
He obtained his Ph.D. in neurophysiology from the University of Oslo in 1995. He was a postdoctoral fellow together with his wife and coLaureate MayBritt Moser, first at the University of Edinburgh and later a visiting scientist in John O´Keefe´s laboratory in London. 

In 1996 they moved to the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, where Edvard Moser became Professor in 1998.




Medal
Name
Sport
Event
Date
 Gold
Jitu Rai
Shooting
Men's 50 metre pistol
20 September
 Gold
Rajat Chauhan
Sandeep Kumar
Abhishek Verma
Archery
Men's team compound
27 September
 Gold
Saurav Ghosal
Mahesh Mangaonkar
Harinder Pal Sandhu
Kush Kumar
Squash
Men's team
27 September
 Gold
Yogeshwar Dutt
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 65 kg
28 September
 Gold
Seema Punia
Athletics
Women's discus throw
29 September
 Gold
Sania Mirza
Saketh Myneni
Tennis
Mixed doubles
29 September
 Gold
Mary Kom
Boxing
Women's 51 kg
1 October
 Gold
Men's hockey team
Field hockey
Men
2 October
 Gold
Priyanka Pawar
Tintu Luka
Mandeep Kaur
M. R. Poovamma
Athletics
Women's 4 x 400 metres relay
2 October
 Gold
Women's kabaddi team
Kabaddi
Women
3 October
 Gold
Men's kabaddi team
Kabaddi
Men
3 October
 Silver
Saurav Ghosal
Squash
Men's singles
23 September
 Silver
Pemba Tamang
Vijay Kumar
Gurpreet Singh
Shooting
Men's 25 metre center fire pistol team
26 September
 Silver
Dipika Pallikal
Joshna Chinappa
Anaka Alankamony
Squash
Women's team
27 September
 Silver
Abhishek Verma
Archery
Men's individual compound
27 September
 Silver
Khushbir Kaur
Athletics
Women's 20 kilometres walk
28 September
 Silver
Manju Bala
Athletics
Women's hammer throw
28 September
 Silver
Sanam Singh
Saketh Myneni
Tennis
Men's doubles
29 September
 Silver
Bajrang Kumar
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 61 kg
29 September
 Silver
Vikas Gowda
Athletics
Men's discus throw
30 September
 Silver
Tintu Luka
Athletics
Women's 800 metres
1 October
 Bronze
Shweta Chaudhary
Shooting
Women's 10 metre air pistol
20 September
 Bronze
Jitu Rai
Samaresh Jung
Prakash Nanjappa
Shooting
Men's 10 metre air pistol team
21 September
 Bronze
Saina Nehwal
P. V. Sindhu
P. C. Thulasi
Pradnya Gadre
N. Siki Reddy
Ashwini Ponnappa
Badminton
Women's team
21 September
 Bronze
Rahi Sarnobat
Anisa Sayyed
Heena Sidhu
Shooting
Women's 25 metre pistol team
22 September
 Bronze
Dipika Pallikal
Squash
Women's singles
22 September
 Bronze
Abhinav Bindra
Ravi Kumar
Sanjeev Rajput
Shooting
Men's 10 metre air rifle team
23 September
 Bronze
Abhinav Bindra
Shooting
Men's 10 metre air rifle
23 September
 Bronze
Sanathoi Devi Yumnam
Wushu
Women's sanda 52 kg
23 September
 Bronze
Narender Grewal
Wushu
Men's sanda 60 kg
23 September
 Bronze
Dushyant Chauhan
Rowing
Men's lightweight single sculls
24 September
 Bronze
Sawarn Singh
Rowing
Men's single sculls
25 September
 Bronze
Kapil Sharma
Ranjit Singh
Bajrang Lal Takhar
Robin Panachithanathu Ulahannan
Sawan Kumar Kalkal
Mohammad Azad
Maninder Singh
Davinder Singh
Mohammed Ahmed
Rowing
Men's coxed eight
25 September
 Bronze
Shagun Chowdhary
Shreyasi Singh
Varsha Varman
Shooting
Women's double trap team
25 September
 Bronze
Sandeep Sejwal
Swimming
Men's 50 metre breaststroke
26 September
 Bronze
Trisha Deb
Purvasha Shende
Jyothi Surekha Vennam
Archery
Women's team compound
27 September
 Bronze
Chain Singh
Shooting
Men's 50 metre rifle three positions
27 September
 Bronze
Trisha Deb
Archery
Women's individual compound
27 September
 Bronze
Vinesh Phogat
Wrestling
Women's freestyle 48 kg
27 September
 Bronze
Geetika Jakhar
Wrestling
Women's freestyle 63 kg
27 September
 Bronze
Lalita Babar
Athletics
Women's 3000 metres steeplechase
27 September
 Bronze
Yuki Bhambri
Tennis
Men's singles
28 September
 Bronze
Yuki Bhambri
Divij Sharan
Tennis
Men's doubles
28 September
 Bronze
Sania Mirza
Prarthana Thombare
Tennis
Women's doubles
28 September
 Bronze
M. R. Poovamma
Athletics
Women's 400 metres
28 September
 Bronze
Rajiv Arokia
Athletics
Men's 400 metres
28 September
 Bronze
O. P. Jaisha
Athletics
Women's 1500 metres
29 September
 Bronze
Narsingh Pancham Yadav
Wrestling
Men's freestyle 74 kg
29 September
 Bronze
Naveen Kumar
Athletics
Men's 3000 metres steeplechase
29 September
 Bronze
Laishram Sarita Devi
Boxing
Women's 60 kg
30 September
 Bronze
Pooja Rani
Boxing
Women's 75 kg
30 September
 Bronze
Varsha Gautham
Aishwarya Nedunchezhiyan
Sailing
Women's two person dinghy
30 September
 Bronze
Women's hockey team
Field hockey
Women
1 October
 Bronze
Annu Rani
Athletics
Women's javelin throw
1 October
 Bronze
Satish Kumar
Boxing
Men's +91 kg
2 October
 Bronze
Vikas Krishan Yadav
Boxing
Men's 75 kg
2 October
 Bronze
Inderjeet Singh
Athletics
Men's shot put
2 October

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