March 31, 2015

20 Awesome MCQs for UPSC covering Population, Human Development and Migration

1. Which one of the following is not correct ?
(a)Growth is quantitative and value neutral.
(b) Development means a qualitative change which is always value positive.
(c) Positive growth and development refer to changes over a period of time.
(d) Both growth and development refer to changes over a period of time.

Answer (c) Positive growth and development refer to changes over a period of time.

Exp :- Development occurs when positive growth takes place. Yet, positive growth does not always lead to development. Development occurs when there is a positive change in quality. Hence, correct answer is option (c)

2. Which one of the following introduced the concept of Human Development?
(a)Paul Krugman.
(b) Dr. Mahbub-Ul-Haq.
(c) Prof. Amartya Sen.
(d) Ratzel.

Answer (b) Dr. Mahbub-Ul-Haq.

Exp.:- Pakistani economist Dr. Mahubub-Ul-Haq introduced the concept of Human Development Index in 1990 According to him, development is all about enlarging people’s choices in order to lead long healthy lives with dignity. The United Nations Development Programme has used his concept of Human Development to publish the Human. Development Report annually since 1990. Hence, the correct answer is option (b)

3. The Human Development Index (HDI) ranks the countries based on their performance in the key areas of .....
1. Health.
2. Sex- ratio.
3. Education.
4. Access to resources.
(a)1, 2 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2 and 4 only

Answer (c) 1, 3 and 4 only

Exp:- The Human Development Index (HDI) ranks the countries based on their performance in the key areas of health, education and access to resources. The indicator chosen to assess health is the life expectancy at birth. The adult literacy rate and the gross enrolment ratio represent access to knowledge. Access to resources is measured in terms of purchasing power (in U.S dollars). Hence, the correct answer is option (c)

4. With reference to Human Development Index (HDI), consider the following statements:
1. HDI ranking are based on a score between 0 to 1.
2. Each dimension of HDI is given a weightage of 1/3.
Which of the above given statement(s) is/are correct?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (c) Both 1 and 2

Exp:- HDI rankings are based on a score between 0 to 1 that a country earns from its record in the key areas of human development. Each dimension is given a weightage of 1/3. The HDI is a sum total of the weights assigned to all dimension. Hence, correct the answer is option (c)

5. With reference to the Human Poverty Index, consider the following statements:
1. It is used by the UNDP to measure human development.
2. It is a non-income measure.
3. Often the Human Poverty Index is less revealing than the Human Development Index.
Which of the above given statements is/are correct?
(a)1 & 2 Only
(b) 1 & 3 Only
(c) 2 & 3 Only
(d) 1, 2 & 3

Answer (a)1 & 2 Only

Exp:- The Human Poverty Index is related to the Human Development Index. This index measures the shortfall in human development. It is a non-economic measure. The probability of non serving fill the age of 40, the adult literacy rate, the number of people who do not have access to clean water and the number of small children who are underweight are all taken into account to show the shortfall in human development in any region. Often the Human Poverty Index is more revealing than the Human Development Index and Human Poverty index are two important indices to measure human development uses by the UNDP. Hence, the correct answer is option (a)

6. What discourage woman to migrate from rural to urban areas in India?
1. Shortage of housing.
2. High cost of living.
3. Paucity of job opportunities.
4. Lack of security in cities.
(a)1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Exp:- Migration of ‘woman’ either for education or employment enhances their autonomy and role in the economy but also increases their vulnerability shortage of housing, high cost of living. Paucity of Job opportunities, lack of security in cities are some of the factors that discourage the migration of woman from rural to urban areas. Hence, the correct answer is option (d)

7. Consider the following statements:
1. Climate and availability of water largely determines the pattern of the population distribution.
2. Density of population helps in getting a better understanding of the spatial distribution of population in relation to land
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct/
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (c) Both 1 and 2

Exp:- An extreme climate such as very hot or cold deserts are uncomfortable for human habitation. Areas with a comfortable climate, where there is not much seasonal variation, attract more people. People prefer to live in areas where fresh water is easily available. River valleys are among the most densely populated areas of the world. Spatial distribution of population can be better understood with the help of density of population. Hence, the correct answer is option(c)

8. Which of the following statements are correct ?
1. Migration leads to the redistribution of the population within a country.
2. Migrants act as agents of social change.
3. Migration leads to segregation of people from diverse cultures.
(a) Only 1 and 2
(b) Only 1 and 3
(c) Only 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (a) Only 1 and 2

Exp:-Migration leads to the intermixing of people from diverse culture. It has positive contribution such as evolution of composite culture and breaking through the narrow considerations and widens up the mental horizon of the people at large But it also has serious negative consequences such as anonymity which creates social vacuum and sense of dejection among individuals. Migrants act as agents of social change. The hew ideas related to new technologies, family planning girl’s education etc. Get diffused from urban to rural areas through them. Migration also leads to the redistribution of the population within a country. Hence, the correct answer is option (a)

9. Consider the following statements:
1. The amount of remittance sent by the international migrants is very meagre as compared to internal migrants.
2. Migration is a response to the uneven distribution of opportunities over space.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (b) Only 2

Exp:- The amount of remittances sent by the internal migrants is very meagre as compared to international migrants. Hence, the correct answer is option (b)

10. Consider the following statements:
1. Reason for migration of males and females are different.
2. Work and employment have remained the main cause for female migration.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct ?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (a) Only 1

Exp:- Reasons for the migration of male and female are different. Work and employment have remained the main cause for male migration while it contributes little for female migration. Contrary to this greater percent of female move out from their parental houses following marriage. This is the most important cause in the rural areas of India. Hence, the correct answer is option (a)

11. Which of the following are pull factors for majority of rural migrants to urban areas?
1. Better opportunities
2. Availability of regular work
3. Education.
4. Sources of entertainment
(a)Only 1, 2 and 3
(b) Only 1, 2, and 4
(c) Only 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Exp:- The important pull factor for majority of rural migrants to urban areas is the better opportunities, availability of regular work and relatively higher wages, better opportunities for education, better health facilities and sources of entertainment. Hence, the correct answer is option (d)

12. Which of the following are the factors that led people in India to migrate from rural to urban areas?
1. Poverty
2. Education
3. High population pressure on the land.
4. Lack of basic infrastructural facilities.
(a)Only 1, 2 and 3
(b) Only 1, 2 and 4
(c) Only 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Exp:- In India people migrate from rural to urban areas mainly due to poverty high population pressure on the land lack of basic infrastructural facilities like health care, education, natural disasters such as flood, drought, cyclonic storms. Earthquake, tsunami, wars and local conflicts. Hence, the correct answer is option (d)

13. Consider the following statements:
1. Migration has been an integral part and a very important factor in redistributing population over time and space.
2. India has witnessed the waves of migrants coming to the country from central and west Asia and also from south east Asia.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (c) Both 1 and 2

Exp:- Migration leads to the redistribution of the population. Rural urban migration is one of the important factors contributing to the population growth of cities. Age and skill selective out migration from the rural area have adverse effect on the rural demographic structure Thus both the statements are correct. Hence, the correct answer is option (c)

14. Consider the following statements:
1. Main worker is a person who works at least 183 days in a year.
2. In the context of a country like India, the work participation rate tends to be lower in the areas of lower levels of economic development.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct ?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (a) Only 1

Exp:- In the context of a country like India, the work participation rate lends to be higher in the areas of lower levels of economic development since the number of manual workers are needed to perform the subsistence or near subsistence economic activities. Hence, the correct answer is option (a)

15. World Development Report has projected that population of India will touch 1,350 million by .....
(a) 2020
(b) 2025
(c) 2030
(d) 2035

Answer (b) 2025

Exp:- World Development Report has projected that population of India will touch 1,350 million by 2025. The World Bank’s Annual World Development Report Provides a wide international readership with an extraordinary window on development economics. Each year, the report focuses on a specific aspect of development. Hence, the correct answer is options (b)

16. With reference to growth of population in India, consider the following pairs:
1. 1901-1921 Period of stagnant growth of population.
2. 1921-1951 Period of population explosion.
3. 1951-1981 Period of steady population growth.

Which of the above given pairs is/are correctly mached?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 1 and 2
(c) Only 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (a) Only 1

Exp :-
1901-1921 Period of stagnant growth of population.
1921-1951 Period of steady population growth.
1951-1981 Period of population explosion.
Hence, the correct answer is option (a)

17. Which of the following factors were responsible for the period of stagnant growth of India’s population from 1901-1921 ?
1. Poor health and medical services.
2. Illiteracy of people at large.
3. Inefficient distribution system of food and other basic necessities.

(a)Only 1 and 2
(b) Only 1 and 3
(c) Only 2 and 3
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer (d) 1, 2 and 3

Exp:- The Period from 1901-1921 is referred to as a period of stagnant or stationary phase of growth of India’s population, since in the period growth rate was very low, even recording a negative growth rate during 1911-1921. Both the birth rate and death rate were high keeping the rate of increase low. Poor health and medical services, illiteracy of people at large and insufficient distribution system of food and other basic necessities were largely responsible for a high birth and death rates in this period. Hence, the correct answer is option (d)

18. Consider the following statement:
1. Agricultural population includes cultivators and agricultural labourers and their family members.
2. Population doubling time is the time taken by any population to double it self at its current annual growth rate.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (c) Both 1 and 2

Exp:- There is a great variation among regions in doubling their population. Developed countries are taking more time to double their populations as compared to developing countries. Most of the population growth is taking place in the developing world. Agricultural population include cultivators and agricultural labourers and their family members. Hence, the correct answer is option (c)

19. Consider the following statements:
1. The first population census in India was conducted in 1872 but its first complete census was conducted only in 1891.
2. India has a highly even pattern of population distribution.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (d) Neither 1 nor 2

Exp:- The first population census in India was conducted in 1872 but its first complete census was conducted only in 1881. Therefore, statement 1 is not correct. India has a highly uneven pattern of population distribution. Therefore, statement 2 is also not correct. Hence, the correct answer is option (d)

20. Consider the following statements:
1. Birth rate is the number of live births per lakh persons in a year.
2. The India, sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the population.

Which of the above given statement(s) is/are correct?
(a)Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer (b) Only 2

Exp:- Birth rate is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year. The number of women and men in a country is an important demographic characteristic. The ratio between the number of women and men in the population is called the sex ratio. In some countries it is calculated as the number of males per thousand females. In India the sex ratio is defined as the number of females per thousand males. Hence, the correct answer is option (b)

March 26, 2015

How East India Company Established British Empire in India? Explained.

Early Activities of the Company

16. The British arrival in India goes back to the early part of the seventeenth century. On December 31, 1600, Queen Elizabeth granted a royal charter to a large body of merchants who formed a new trading Company under the name of ‘The Company of Merchants of London, Trading into the East-Indies’.

15. Between 1601 and 1613, merchants of this Company, later known as John Company or more specifically East India Company, made twelve voyages to India.

14. In 1609 Captain William Hawkins came to the court of Jahangir to seek permission to establish a British presence in India, but met with failure.

13. Sir Thomas Roe, who presented himself before the Mughal Emperor in 1617, was more successful in his mission. In 1619, Roe obtained Jahangir’s permission to build a British factory in Surat, and in 1639, this was followed by the founding of Fort St. George (Madras, now Chennai).

12. Despite some reverses, such as the Company’s utter humiliation at the hands of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, with whom the Company went to war during 1688-91, the Company never really looked back.

Beginning of Political Domination

11. In 1757, on account of the English-hatched political conspiracy leading to the so-called battle of Plassey, where Robert Clive practically affected a wholesale defection of the forces of the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-daula, the East India Company found itself transformed from an association of traders to rulers exercising political sovereignty over a largely unknown land and people.

10. With in a decade, the Company not only won the hard-fought battle of Buxar against the deposed Mir Qasim of Bengal and his allies in 1764 but also acquired the Diwani, or the right to collect revenues on behalf of the Mughal Emperor, in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa in 1765.

9. The consolidation of British rule after the initial military victories fell to Warren Hastings, who did much to dispense with the fiction that the Mughal Emperor was still the sovereign to whom the Company was responsible.

8. Hastings also set about to make the British more acquainted with Indian history, culture, and social customs. His successors, though fired by the British imperialistic ambitions in India, also had to face the task of governance.

Foundation of British Empire

7. British rule was sought to be justified, in part, by the claims that the Indians required to be civilized, and the British rule would introduce in place of Oriental despotism and anarchy a reliable system of justice, the rule of law, and the notion of ‘fair play’.

6. Certain Indian social or religious practices that the British found to be detestable were outlawed, such as sati in 1829 by William Bentinck, and an ethic of ‘improvement’ was said to shape British social policies.

5. In the late 1840s and early 1850s Dalhousie brought more territories under native rulers were corrupt, inept, and motoriusly indifferent about the welfare of their subjects, or that since the native ruler had failed to produce a biological male heir to the throne, the territory was bound to ‘lapse’ into British India upon the death of the ruler.

4. Such was the fate of several Indian states, such as Satara (1848), Jaitpur and Sambalpur (1849), Baghat (1850), Udayapur (1852), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854), and most tragically Awadh (1956). The Nawab of Awadh or Oudh, Wajid Ali shah, was especially loathed by the British as the worst specimen of the Oriental Despot, more interested in indulgence than in the difficult task of governance.

3. Shortly after the annexation of Awadh, British India witnessed the so-called ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ to recall the colonial terminology, or the ‘First War of National independence’ as per the nationalist perception, or the ‘Popular Upheaval’ of 1857 to use the politically more correct terminology.

2. This was by far the Greatest threat posed to the British since the beginnings of their acquisition of an empire in India in 1757, and within the space of a few weeks in May large chunks of territory in the Gangetic plains had been taken over by the rebels.

1. Atrocities were committed on both sides, and conventionally the rebellion is perceived as marking the moment when the British would always understand themselves as besieged by hostile natives, just as the Indians understood that they could not forever be held in submission.

March 01, 2015

Important Days Should Know


Jan 1-Global Family Day.
Jan 12-Youth's Day.
Jan 15-Army Day.
Jan 23-Birth Anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Jan 26-Republic Day.
Jan 26-International Customs Day.
Jan 28-Birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai.
Jan 28-Data Protection Day.
Jan 30-Martyr Day.
Jan 30-World Leprosy Eradication Day.
Feb 4-World Cancer Day.
Feb 5-Kashmir Day.
Feb 6-International Day against Female Genital Mutilation.
Feb 12-Darwin Day.
Feb 12-World Day of the Sick.
Feb 14-Valentine’s Day.
Feb 20-World Day of Social Justice.
Feb 21-International Mother Language Day.
Feb 22-World Scout Day.
Feb 23- World Peaces and Understanding Day.
Mar 4-World Day of the Fight Against Sexual Exploitation.
Mar 8-International Womens' Day.
Mar 13-World Kidney Day.
Mar 13-World Rotaract Day.
Mar 15-World Consumer Rights Day.
Mar 20-International Day of the Francophonie.
Mar 20-World Day of Theatre for Children and Young People.
Mar 21-World Sleep Day.
Mar 21-World Forestry Day.
Mar 21-International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
Mar 22-World Water Day.
Mar 23-World Meteorological Day.
Mar 24-World TB Day.
Mar 24-International Day for Achievers.
Mar 25-International Day of Remembrance - Victims of Slavery and Transatlantic Slave Trade.
Mar 27-World Drama Day.
Apr 1-Foolish's Day.
Apr 2-World Austism Awareness Day.
Apr 7-World Health Day.
April 17-World Haemophilia Day.
April 18-World Heritage Day.
April 22-Earth Day.
April 23-World Book and Copyright Day.
April 25-World Malaria Day.
April 29-International Dance Day.
May 1-International Labour Day.
May 3-Press Freedom Day.
May 4-Coal Miners Day.
May 8-World Red Cross Day.
May 9-Victory Day.
May 11-National Technology Day.
May 12-International Nurses Day.
May 14-World Migratory Day.
May 15-International Day of the Family.
May 17-World Information Society Day.
May 21-Anti-Terrorism Day.
May 31-World No Tobacco Day.
Jun 4-International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
Jun 5-World Environment Day.
Jun 7-International Level Crossing Awareness Day.
Jun 8-World Oceans Day.
Jun 12-World Day against Child Labour.
Jun 14-World Blood Donor Day.
Jun 17-World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought.
Jun 20-World Refugee Day.
Jun 23-United Nations Public Service Day.
Jun 23-International Widow's Day.
Jun 26-International Day against Drug Abuse and IIlicit Trafficking.
Jun 27-International Diabetes Day.
Jul 1-Vanamahotsav Day.
Jul 1-National Doctor's Day.
Jul 11-World Population Day.
Jul 12-Malala Day.
Jul 18-Nelson Mandela International Day.
July 28-World Nature Conservation Day.
Jul 30-International Day of Friendship.
Aug 3-Independence Day of Niger.
Aug 5-Independence Day of Upper Volta.
Aug 9-International Day of the World's Indigenous People.
Aug 12-International Youth Day.
Aug 15-Independence Day(India).
Aug 23-International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.
Aug 29-National Sports Day (Birthday of Dhyan Chand).
Sept 5-Teachers' Day  (Dr. Radhakrishnan's Birth Day).
Sept 7-Forgiveness Day.
Sept 8-International Literacy Day.
Sept 14-Hindi Day.
Sept 14-World First Aid Day.
Sept 16-World Ozone Day.
Sept 21-International Day of Peace.
Sept 21-World Alzheimer's Day.
Sept 25-Social Justice Day.
Sept 27-World Tourism Day.
Oct 1-International Day of Older Persons.
Oct 2-Birth Anniversary Of Gandhiji.
Oct 2-International Day of Non-Violence.
Oct 3-World Nature Day.
Oct 3-World Habitat Day.
Oct 4-World Animal Day.
Oct 5-World Teacher's Day.
Oct 8-Indian Air-force Day.
Oct 9-World Post Day.
Oct 11-International Girl Child Day.
Oct 12-World Arthritis Da.
Oct 14-World Standards Day.
Oct 15-World Students Day.
Oct 16-World Food Day.
Oct 17-International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.
Oct 20-World Statistics Day.
Oct 24-United Nations Day.
Oct 31-World Thrift Day.
Nov 1-Kannada Rajyotsav (Karnataka)
Nov 1-World Vegan Day.
Nov 5-World Radiography Day.
Nov 9-World Services Day.
Nov 14 -Children's Day. (Birth Anniversary of Jawahar Lal Nehru).
Nov 16-International Day for Endurance.
Nov 17-International Students Day.
Nov 17-National Journalism Day.
Nov 18-World Adult Day.
Nov 19-World Citizen Day.
Nov 20-Universal Children's Day.
Nov 21-World Television Day.
Nov 21-World Fisheries Day.
Nov 25-World Non-Veg Day.
Nov 26-Law Day.
Nov 30-Flag Day.
Dec 1-World AIDS Day.
Dec 2-World Computer Literacy Day.
Dec 2-International Day for the Abolition of Slavery.
Dec 3-International Day of People with Disability.
Dec 3-World Conservation Day.
Dec 4-Navy Day.
Dec 5-International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development.
Dec 7-International Civil Aviation Day.
Dec 9-The International Day Against Corruption.
Dec 10-International Day of Broadcasting.
Dec 10-Human Rights Day.
Dec 11-International Mountain Day.
Dec 14-World Energy Day.
Dec 18-International Migrants Day.
Dec 19-Goa's Liberation Day.
Dec 20-International Human Solidarity Day.
Dec 29-International Biodiversity Day.

February 28, 2015

Budget :Simple to understand Highlights

Today Finance Minister Arun Jaitley presented Union Budget,the highlights are:

● Abolition of Wealth Tax.
● Additional 2% surcharge for the super rich with income of over Rs. 1 crore.
● Rate of corporate tax to be reduced to 25% over next four years.
●Total exemption of up to Rs. 4,44,200 can be achieved.
●100% exemption for contribution to Swachch Bharat, apart from CSR.
●Service tax increased to 14 per cent.

● Rs. 25,000 crore for Rural Infrastructure Development Bank.
● Rs. 5,300 crore to support Micro Irrigation Programme.
● Farmers credit - target of 8.5 lakh crore.

● Rs. 70,000 crores to Infrastructure sector.
● Tax-free bonds for projects in rail road and irrigation
● PPP model for infrastructure development to be revitalised & govt. to bear majority of the risk.
● Rs. 150 crore allocated for Research & Development
● NITI to be established and involvement of entrepreneurs, researchers to foster scientific innovations.
● Govt. proposes to set up 5 ultra mega power projects, each of 4000MW.

● AIIMS in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Assam.
● IIT in Karnataka; Indian School of Mines in Dhanbad to be upgraded to IIT.
● PG institute of Horticulture in Armtisar.
● Kerala to have University of Disability Studies
● Centre of film production, animation and gaming to come up in Arunachal Pradesh.
● IIM for Jammu and Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh.

● Rs. 2,46,726 crore for Defence.
● Focus on Make in India for quick manufacturing of Defence equipment.

Welfare Schemes:
● 50,000 toilets constructed under Swachh Bharath Abhiyan.
● Two other programmes to be introduced- GST & JAM Trinity.
● GST will be implemented by April 2016.
● MUDRA bank will refinance micro finance orgs. to encourage first generation SC/ST entrepreneurs.
● Housing for all by 2020.
● Upgradation 80,000 secondary schools.
● DBT will be further be expanded from 1 crore to 10.3 crore.
● For the Atal Pension Yojna, govt. will contribute 50% of the premium limited to Rs. 1000 a year.
● New scheme for physical aids and assisted living devices for people aged over 80 .
● Govt to use Rs. 9000 crore unclaimed funds in PPF/EPF for Senior Citizens Fund.
● Rs. 5,000 crore additional allocation for MGNREGA.
● Govt. to create universal social security system for all Indians.

Renewable Energy: ● Rs. 75 crore for electric cars production.
● Renewable energy target for 2022: 100K MW in solar; 60K MW in wind; 10K MW in biomass and 5K MW in small hydro

● Development schemes for churches and convents in old Goa; Hampi, Elephanta caves, Forests of Rajasthan, Leh palace, Varanasi , Jallianwala Bagh, Qutb Shahi tombs at Hyderabad to be under the new tourism scheme.
● Visa on Arrival for 150 countries.

February 27, 2015

New Appointments in India 2015

National Institution for Transforming India (Niti Aayog): Narendra Modi, Chairman
• National Institution for Transforming India (Niti Aayog) : Arvind Panagariya, Vice-Chairman
Lok Sabha, Speaker : Mrs. Sumitra Mahajan • Lok Sabha,
• Lok Sabha, Secretary-General : T. K. Viswanathan • Rajya Sabha,
• Lok Sabha, Chairman : Mohammad Hamid Ansari

Rajya Sabha, Deputy Chairman : P. J. Kurien
Rajya Sabha, Leader of House : Arun Jaitley
Rajya Sabha, Leader of Opposition : Ghulam Nabi Azad •
• Rajya Sabha, Secretary-General : Shumsher K. Sheriff •
Chief Election Commissioner : Harishankar Brahma
Election Commissioner : Syed Nasim Zaidi
Comptroller and Auditor-General of India : Shashi Kant Sharma
National Human Right Commission (NHRC) : Justice K. G. Balakrishnan, Chairperson
Cabinet Secretary : Ajit Kumar Seth
Principal Secretary to Prime Minister : Nripendra Misra
National Commission for Backward Classes : Justice V. Eshwaraiah, Chairman
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) : Ms. Shanta Sinha, Chairperson
National Commission for Scheduled Castes : Dr. P. L. Punia, Chairman
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) : Dr.Rameshwar Oraon, Chairman
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) : Deepak Gupta, Chairman
• National Commission on Farmers (NCF) : Dr. M. S. Swaminathan, Chairman
• National Security Adviser and Special Adviser to PM (Internal Security) : Ajit Kumar Doval
• National Investigation Agency (NIA) : Sharad Kumar, Director-General
• Railway Board : A. K. Mital, Chairman
• Intelligence Bureau (IB) : Dineshwar Sharma, Director
• Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) : Anil Kumar Sinha, Director
• Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) : Rajinder Khanna, Director
• National Security Guard (NSG) : Jayanto Narayan Choudhury, Director-General
• Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) : Prakash Mishra, Director-General
• Border Security Force (BSF) : Devendra Kumar Pathak, Director-General
• Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) : Arvind Ranjan, Director-General
• Railway Protection Force. (RPF) : P. K. Mehta, Director-General
• Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) : Parkash Mishra, Director-General
• Sashastra Seema Bal : B. D. Sharma, Director-General
• Indian Coast Guard : Vice-Admiral Anurag G. Thapliyal, Director-General
• Defence Intelligence Agency : Lt. Gen. Avtar Singh, Director-General
• University Grants Commission (UGC) : Prof. Ved Prakash, Chairman
• Defence Research and Development Organisation. (DRDO) : Dr. Avinash Chander, Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary
• Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government : Dr. R. Chidambaram
• Space Commission and ISRO : A. S. Kiran Kumar, Chairman
• Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept. of Atomic
Energy : Ratan Kumar Sinha, Chairman
• National Commission for Minorities : Naseem Ahmad, Chairperson
• Staff Selection Commission (SSC) : Amitava Bhattacharya,
• Indian Council of Medical Research : Dr. Vishwa Mohan Katoch, Director-General
• India and Census Commissioner : C. Chandramouli, Registrar-General
• Law Commission : Justice D. K. Jain, Chairman
• Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE) : Dr. B. N. Suresh, President
• National Forest Commission : Justice (Retd.) B. N. Kirpal, Chairman
• National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) : T. Nanda Kumar, Chairperson
• Border Roads Organisation : Lt. General AT Parnaik, Director-General
• Reserve Bank of India (RBI) : Dr. Raghuram Rajan, Governor
• Press Council of India : Justice Chandramauli Kumar Prasad, Chairman
• Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) : Ravindra Pisharody, Chairman
• Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) : R. K. Tewari, Chairman
• Central Board of Excise and Customs : Mrs. J.M. Shanti Sundharam, Chairman
• Competition Commission of India : Ashok Chawla
• Central Administrative Tribunal : Justice Syed Rafat Alam, Chairman
• National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) : R.S.T. Sai, CMD
• Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) : R. S. Sharma, CMD
• GAIL : B. C. Tripathi, CMD
• Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) : S. Behuria, Chairman
• Oil India Ltd : Sunil Kumar Srivastava, CMD
• Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) : Dr. Satbir Bedi, Chairperson
• Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) : U. K. Sinha, Chairman
• National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) : Dr. Harsh Kumar Bhanwala, Chairman
• State Bank of India (SBI) : Smt. Arundhati Bhattacharya, Chairman
• Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) : M. S. Raghavan, Chairman
• Company Law Board : Justice Dilip Raosaheb Deshmukh, Chairman
• India's Permanent Representative to UN : Hardeep Singh Puri
• Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) : S. K. Roy, Chairman
• Central Water Commission : Ashwin Pandya, Chairman
• National Commission for Women : Ms. Lalitha Kumarmangalam, Chairperson
• 14th Finance Commission : Dr. Y. V. Reddy, Chairman
• National Statistical Commission : Dr. Pronob Sen, Chairman
• Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) : Pahlaj Nihalani, Chairperson
• Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) : Dr. Rakesh Tewari , Director-General
• Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) : Dr. Jyotsna Suri, President
• Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) : Dr. Rahul Khullar, Chairman
• Enforcement Directorate : Dr. Rajan Katoch, Director
• Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) : R. V. Verma, Chairman
• Bhabha Atomic Research Centre : Dr. Sekhar Basu, Director
• Indian Olympic Association : N. Ramachandran, President
• National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) : Prof. B.K.Tripathi, Acting Director
• Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) : Ajay S. Shriram, President
• Prasar Bharti Board : Dr. A. Surya Prakash , Chairman
• Investment Commission : Ratan Tata , Chairman
• Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) : Shivlal Yadav, Interim President
• NASSCOM : R. Chandrasekaran, Chairman
• National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) : Ramesh Sippy, Chairman
• United News of India : Ravindra Kumar, Chairman
• Press Trust of India (PTI) : Mahendra Mohan Gupta ,Chairman
• Indian Newspaper Society (INS) : Kiran B. Vadodaria , President
• The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) : Rana Kapoor , President

January 08, 2015

Important Battles in the Indian History

Important Battles in the Indian History

1. 1st battle of Tarain--1191-- Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohammed Ghori
2. 2nd battle of Tarain--1192--Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan
3. 1st battle of Panipat--1526--Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodi
4. Battle of Khanwa--1527-- Babur defeated Rana Sunga further strengthening his foothold in India.
5. Battle of Ghaghra--1529--Babur defeated Mahmud Lodi and Sultan Nusrat Shah thus establishing Mughal rule in India.
6. 2nd battle of Panipat--1556--Akbar defeated Hemu
7. 3rd battle of Panipat--1761Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas
8. Battle of Talikota--1565--Deccan Sultanates defeated the glorious Vijayanagar empire
9. Battle of Haldighati--1576--Undecisive battle between Raja Man Singh of Mughal Army and Rana Pratap of Mewar.
10. Battle of Plassey--1757--British defeated Siraj-ud-duala with the help of Mir Zafar. This battle laid the foundation of British empire in India.
11. Battle of Wandiwash--1760--British decisively defeated the French in India. The Seven years war (1756 - 1763) between the British and the French in Europe ran parallel to this war. 3 Carnatic wars were fought between the British and the French and this battle was a part of the 3rd Carnatic War.
12. Battle of Buxar--1764--British defeated the combined forces of Mir Qasim, Shuja-ud-duala (Nawab of Oudh) and Shah Alam II(Mughal emperor). This completed the work began by the battle of Plassey.
13. Battle of Samugarh--1658--Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shikoh.
14. Battle of Karnal--1739--Nadir Shah defeated Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.



[1] Anshi National Park --------- Karnataka
[2] Bandipur National Park ----------- Karnataka
[3] Bannerghatta National Park --------- Karnataka
[4] Balphakram National Park ------- Meghalaya
[5] Bandhavgarh National Park --------- Madhya Pradesh
[6] Betla National Park --------- Jharkhand
[7] Bhitarkanika National Park ------- Odisha
[8] Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar -------- Gujarat
[9] Buxa Tiger Reserve -------- West Bengal
[10] Campbell Bay National Park --------- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
[11] Chandoli National Park --------- Maharashtra
[12] Dachigam National Park ------- Jammu and Kashmir
[13] Darrah National Park --------- Rajasthan
[14] Desert National Park -------- Rajasthan
[15] Dibru-Saikhowa National Park --------- Assam
[16] Dudhwa National Park --------- Uttar Pradesh
[17] Eravikulam National Park -------- Kerala
[18] Galathea National Park --------- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
[19] Gangotri National Park --------- Uttarakhand
[20] Gir Forest National Park --------- Gujarat
[21] Gorumara National Park -------- West Bengal
[22] Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary ------ Uttarakhand
[23] Great Himalayan National Park ------- Himachal Pradesh,
[24] Gugamal National Park -------- Maharashtra
[25] Guindy National Park -------- Tamil Nadu
[26] Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park ---------- Tamil Nadu
[27] Hemis National Park --------- Jammu and Kashmir
[28] Harike Wetland ------- Punjab
[29] Hazaribagh National Park ------- Jharkhand
[30] Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park -------- Tamil Nadu
[31] Indravati National Park ------- Chhattisgarh
[32] Jaldapara National Park ------- West Bengal
[33] Jim Corbett National Park -------- Uttarakhand
[34] Kalesar National Park ------ Haryana
[35] Kanha National Park ------- Madhya Pradesh
[36] Kanger Ghati National Park -------- Chhattisgarh
[37] Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park -------- Telangana
[38] Kaziranga National Park ------ Assam
[39] Keibul Lamjao National Park ------ Manipur
[40] Keoladeo National Park --------- Rajasthan
[41] Khangchendzonga National Park ------- Sikkim
[42] Kishtwar National Park --------- Jammu and Kashmir
[43] Kudremukh National Park ------- Karnataka
[44] Madhav National Park ------- Madhya Pradesh
[45] Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park ------- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
[46] Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park ------- Telangana
[47] Manas National Park ------ Assam
[48] Mandla Plant Fossils National Park -------- Madhya Pradesh
[49] Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch ------- Gujarat
[50] Mathikettan Shola National Park ------- Kerala

NEW & LATEST ( BANKING Abbreviation )

NEW & LATEST ( BANKING Abbreviation )

1. BSBDA - Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account
2. FCNR(B) - Foreign Currency Non-Resident Bank
3. TARC - Tax Administration Reform Commission 
4. ITEs: Intra-Group Transactions and Exposures
5. LCR: Liquidity Coverage Ratio
6. NSFR: Net Stable Funding Ratio
7. LRMT: Liquidity risk monitoring tools
8. CBS: Core Banking Solution
9. DEAF: Depositor Education and Awareness Fund
10. CRAR: Capital to Risk-weighted Assets Ratio
11. External Commercial Borrowings (ECB)
12. SWIFT: Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication
13. FSLRC: Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission
14. MIBOR: Mumbai Inter-Bank Offer Rate
15. LIBOR: London Inter-Bank Offer Rate
16. LAF – Liquidity Adjustment Facility
17. GIRO - Government Internal Revenue Order
18. EEFC - Exchange Earner's Foreign Currency
19. FRBMA: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act
20. ALM- Asset Liability Management
21. AMFI- Association of Mutual Fund in India.
22. TIEA – Tax Information exchange Agreement
23. CAR – Cash Adequacy Ratio
24. CCEA – Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
25. CECA - Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
26. CEPA – Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
27. DTAA – Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
28. DTC – Direct Tax Code
29. ECBs - External Commercial Borrowings
30. EEFC - Exchange Earner's Foreign Currency
31. EFSF – European Financial Stability Facility
32. FEMA- Foreign Exchange Management Act
33. FII – Foreign Institutional Investor.
34. FINO- Financial Inclusion Network Operation
35. FIPB – Foreign Investment Promotion board
36. FSLRC – Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission
37. FTA- Free trade agreement
38. GAAR - General anti avoidance rule
39. GSLV - Geo-Synchronous Launch Vehicle
40. MSF-Marginal Standing Facility
41. NBFC-Non Banking Finance Companies
42. NCTC - National Counter-Terrorism Centre
43. NEFT - National Electronic Funds Transfer
44. NSG – Nuclear Suppliers Group
45. PPP – Public Private Partnership & Purchasing Power parity
46. PSLV – Polar Satellite Launch vehicle
47. RTGS - Real Time Gross Settlement
48. SLR-Statutory Liquidity Ratio
49. TAPI - Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India.
50. QFI -Qualified Foreign Investors

All you need to know about 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

All you need to know about 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) is celebrated every year on January 9. The three-day event of 13th PBD organized at Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar, Gujarat was inaugurated on 7th jan 2015.
The event is also known as ‘Non-Resident Indian Day’ as it marked the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa in the year 1915 on the same day i.e. January 9. The programme also acknowledges the contribution of Indians living abroad in the development of the country.
The PBD is organised by Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs and is supported by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region of India.
The Pravasi Bharatiya Divas programme serves as a platform for the Indians to share their valuable experiences in various fields. Moreover, individuals who have achieved excellence in their respective fields are also honoured during the programme with the prestigious ‘Bharatiya Samman’ award.
The PBD not only helps in networking and building partnerships but also promotes various initiatives related to trade, investment, education, culture, health, emigration, developments and science.
Over 4,000 delegates of Indian diaspora are expected to attend the 13th PBD initiated by then NDA government in 2003.
Guyana President Donald Ramotar is the chief guest for this year's programme. The chief guest will also be honoured with the ‘Pravasi Bharatiya Samman’.
Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj inaugurated the Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas on Wednesday. After the inauguration, a plenary session on ‘Bharat Ko Jano & Bharat Ko Mano' followed by a talk on ‘Thoughts of Gandhi in 21st century referring to youths’ was also held.
Besides, important projects of NDA government including Make in India, Swachch Bharat, Skill India, Clean Ganga, and Tourism campaigns would also be briefed to the diaspora.

January 06, 2015

Fun things for Kids to do when getting Bored

  • Plant a tree.
  • Bake cookies for the neighbors -- or your family..
  • Act out your child's favorite book.
  • Visit an interactive museum.
  • Have a catch in a local park or the backyard.
  • Build an indoor tent or fort with couches and some bed sheets.
  • Turn on the radio and dance.
  • Play Simon Says -- an oldie, but goodie.
  • Dress up in last year's Halloween costumes and have a have a costume parade.
  • Put together a jigsaw puzzle.
  • Make homemade play dough.
  • String together macaroni for jewelry.
  • Host a picnic lunch -- indoors or outdoors.
  • Learn how to tie-dye T-shirts.
  • Pull out the dress box, put on funny clothes and have a photo shoot.
  • Head outdoors for bird watching.
  • Create a time capsule.
  • Write letters to soldiers.
  • Play balloon volleyball.
  • Have a potato-sack race..
  • Camp out in the backyard.
  • Make up a secret handshake.
  • Count how many times you can spin in a circle without getting dizzy.
  • Make fruit kabobs.
  • Play lily-pad leap with small rugs and towels strategically placed throughout the playroom or living room.
  • Construct an indoor obstacle course.
  • Choreograph a dance routine.
  • Host a movie night. Plan for it by drawing tickets, making popcorn and setting up the room like a theater.
  • Make bath fizzies by combining citric acid, baking soda and cornstarch.
  • Pull out some old socks and draw faces on them to make sock puppets -- then put on a show.
  • Make a friendship bracelet.
  • Exercise those finger-painting skills.
  • Pull out Twister.
  • Practice saying the 50 states in alphabetical order
  • Take silly pictures with a camera.
  • Make up your own mad-libs.
  • Host an at-home field day, complete with tug of war and team colors.
  • Explore small areas of nature with a magnifying glass.
  • Experiment with science. Make a papier mâché volcano and mix baking soda and vinegar for an explosive reaction!
  • Learn a new card game.
  • Host a tea party.
  • Partake in brainteasers, such as Sudoku, crossword puzzles and word searches.
  • Set up the basketball game of HORSE or just shoot hoops.
  • Teach kids to hula hoop.
  • Jump rope.
  • Go on a walk and let kids take pictures (with a disposable camera) of their favorite things around the neighborhood.
  • Break out the pots and pans and practice drumming skills (ear plugs required for parents!).
  • Rearrange your child's bedroom.
  • Find and write to a pen pal.
  • Mix homemade bubbles: 1 cup granulated soap or soap powder, 1 quart warm water, and liquid food coloring
  • Make sandwiches and deliver them to a homeless shelter or the local food pantry.
  • Set up a platter of new foods, maturing your tyke’s palette.
  • Sew a pillow. Just grab some fabric, scissors, stuffing and a needle and thread.
  • Play Hot Potato -- use anything from a bean bag to a bar of soap.
  • Explore the world with Google Maps -- find your home, your child's school, favorite spots, etc.
  • Name that tune.
  • Ask "what do you want to be when you grow up" and then plan your day around that career. What would a fireman wear? What would a teacher do?
  • Build an outdoor fort with tarps and bungees around trees.
  • Make up a secret language.
  • Phone a friend. Better yet, use Skype or FaceTime.
  • Set up a make-your-own-sundae station.
  • Host a watercolor night where everyone paints their favorite (fill-in-the-blank).
  • Construct a family tree.
  • Start a mini garden.
  • Run through the sprinklers.
  • Give the family pet a bath.
  • Reminisce about your favorite family vacation and draw pictures of everything you did to make a book.
  • Learn magic tricks.
  • Run relay races.
  • Make up a fun song about the family (My name is Jim and I like to swim, my sister’s name is Cate and she likes to skate…).
  • Write a letter to someone special (Grandma, Santa, the Tooth Fairy, your child's favorite athlete, etc.) then mail it.
  • Research popular constellations. At night, head outdoors to spot nature’s bountiful creations.
  • Try to replicate a famous painting.
  • Learn the alphabet in Sign language.
  • Pick flowers (from your own garden, of course) and create a flower arrangement for the dining room table.
  • Make an eye-spy scavenger hunt (something shiny and blue, something round that makes noise, something clear, etc.).