March 01, 2015

Important Days Should Know


Jan 1-Global Family Day.
Jan 12-Youth's Day.
Jan 15-Army Day.
Jan 23-Birth Anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Jan 26-Republic Day.
Jan 26-International Customs Day.
Jan 28-Birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai.
Jan 28-Data Protection Day.
Jan 30-Martyr Day.
Jan 30-World Leprosy Eradication Day.
Feb 4-World Cancer Day.
Feb 5-Kashmir Day.
Feb 6-International Day against Female Genital Mutilation.
Feb 12-Darwin Day.
Feb 12-World Day of the Sick.
Feb 14-Valentine’s Day.
Feb 20-World Day of Social Justice.
Feb 21-International Mother Language Day.
Feb 22-World Scout Day.
Feb 23- World Peaces and Understanding Day.
Mar 4-World Day of the Fight Against Sexual Exploitation.
Mar 8-International Womens' Day.
Mar 13-World Kidney Day.
Mar 13-World Rotaract Day.
Mar 15-World Consumer Rights Day.
Mar 20-International Day of the Francophonie.
Mar 20-World Day of Theatre for Children and Young People.
Mar 21-World Sleep Day.
Mar 21-World Forestry Day.
Mar 21-International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
Mar 22-World Water Day.
Mar 23-World Meteorological Day.
Mar 24-World TB Day.
Mar 24-International Day for Achievers.
Mar 25-International Day of Remembrance - Victims of Slavery and Transatlantic Slave Trade.
Mar 27-World Drama Day.
Apr 1-Foolish's Day.
Apr 2-World Austism Awareness Day.
Apr 7-World Health Day.
April 17-World Haemophilia Day.
April 18-World Heritage Day.
April 22-Earth Day.
April 23-World Book and Copyright Day.
April 25-World Malaria Day.
April 29-International Dance Day.
May 1-International Labour Day.
May 3-Press Freedom Day.
May 4-Coal Miners Day.
May 8-World Red Cross Day.
May 9-Victory Day.
May 11-National Technology Day.
May 12-International Nurses Day.
May 14-World Migratory Day.
May 15-International Day of the Family.
May 17-World Information Society Day.
May 21-Anti-Terrorism Day.
May 31-World No Tobacco Day.
Jun 4-International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression.
Jun 5-World Environment Day.
Jun 7-International Level Crossing Awareness Day.
Jun 8-World Oceans Day.
Jun 12-World Day against Child Labour.
Jun 14-World Blood Donor Day.
Jun 17-World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought.
Jun 20-World Refugee Day.
Jun 23-United Nations Public Service Day.
Jun 23-International Widow's Day.
Jun 26-International Day against Drug Abuse and IIlicit Trafficking.
Jun 27-International Diabetes Day.
Jul 1-Vanamahotsav Day.
Jul 1-National Doctor's Day.
Jul 11-World Population Day.
Jul 12-Malala Day.
Jul 18-Nelson Mandela International Day.
July 28-World Nature Conservation Day.
Jul 30-International Day of Friendship.
Aug 3-Independence Day of Niger.
Aug 5-Independence Day of Upper Volta.
Aug 9-International Day of the World's Indigenous People.
Aug 12-International Youth Day.
Aug 15-Independence Day(India).
Aug 23-International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.
Aug 29-National Sports Day (Birthday of Dhyan Chand).
Sept 5-Teachers' Day  (Dr. Radhakrishnan's Birth Day).
Sept 7-Forgiveness Day.
Sept 8-International Literacy Day.
Sept 14-Hindi Day.
Sept 14-World First Aid Day.
Sept 16-World Ozone Day.
Sept 21-International Day of Peace.
Sept 21-World Alzheimer's Day.
Sept 25-Social Justice Day.
Sept 27-World Tourism Day.
Oct 1-International Day of Older Persons.
Oct 2-Birth Anniversary Of Gandhiji.
Oct 2-International Day of Non-Violence.
Oct 3-World Nature Day.
Oct 3-World Habitat Day.
Oct 4-World Animal Day.
Oct 5-World Teacher's Day.
Oct 8-Indian Air-force Day.
Oct 9-World Post Day.
Oct 11-International Girl Child Day.
Oct 12-World Arthritis Da.
Oct 14-World Standards Day.
Oct 15-World Students Day.
Oct 16-World Food Day.
Oct 17-International Day for the Eradication of Poverty.
Oct 20-World Statistics Day.
Oct 24-United Nations Day.
Oct 31-World Thrift Day.
Nov 1-Kannada Rajyotsav (Karnataka)
Nov 1-World Vegan Day.
Nov 5-World Radiography Day.
Nov 9-World Services Day.
Nov 14 -Children's Day. (Birth Anniversary of Jawahar Lal Nehru).
Nov 16-International Day for Endurance.
Nov 17-International Students Day.
Nov 17-National Journalism Day.
Nov 18-World Adult Day.
Nov 19-World Citizen Day.
Nov 20-Universal Children's Day.
Nov 21-World Television Day.
Nov 21-World Fisheries Day.
Nov 25-World Non-Veg Day.
Nov 26-Law Day.
Nov 30-Flag Day.
Dec 1-World AIDS Day.
Dec 2-World Computer Literacy Day.
Dec 2-International Day for the Abolition of Slavery.
Dec 3-International Day of People with Disability.
Dec 3-World Conservation Day.
Dec 4-Navy Day.
Dec 5-International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development.
Dec 7-International Civil Aviation Day.
Dec 9-The International Day Against Corruption.
Dec 10-International Day of Broadcasting.
Dec 10-Human Rights Day.
Dec 11-International Mountain Day.
Dec 14-World Energy Day.
Dec 18-International Migrants Day.
Dec 19-Goa's Liberation Day.
Dec 20-International Human Solidarity Day.
Dec 29-International Biodiversity Day.

February 28, 2015

Budget :Simple to understand Highlights

Today Finance Minister Arun Jaitley presented Union Budget,the highlights are:

● Abolition of Wealth Tax.
● Additional 2% surcharge for the super rich with income of over Rs. 1 crore.
● Rate of corporate tax to be reduced to 25% over next four years.
●Total exemption of up to Rs. 4,44,200 can be achieved.
●100% exemption for contribution to Swachch Bharat, apart from CSR.
●Service tax increased to 14 per cent.

● Rs. 25,000 crore for Rural Infrastructure Development Bank.
● Rs. 5,300 crore to support Micro Irrigation Programme.
● Farmers credit - target of 8.5 lakh crore.

● Rs. 70,000 crores to Infrastructure sector.
● Tax-free bonds for projects in rail road and irrigation
● PPP model for infrastructure development to be revitalised & govt. to bear majority of the risk.
● Rs. 150 crore allocated for Research & Development
● NITI to be established and involvement of entrepreneurs, researchers to foster scientific innovations.
● Govt. proposes to set up 5 ultra mega power projects, each of 4000MW.

● AIIMS in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Assam.
● IIT in Karnataka; Indian School of Mines in Dhanbad to be upgraded to IIT.
● PG institute of Horticulture in Armtisar.
● Kerala to have University of Disability Studies
● Centre of film production, animation and gaming to come up in Arunachal Pradesh.
● IIM for Jammu and Kashmir and Andhra Pradesh.

● Rs. 2,46,726 crore for Defence.
● Focus on Make in India for quick manufacturing of Defence equipment.

Welfare Schemes:
● 50,000 toilets constructed under Swachh Bharath Abhiyan.
● Two other programmes to be introduced- GST & JAM Trinity.
● GST will be implemented by April 2016.
● MUDRA bank will refinance micro finance orgs. to encourage first generation SC/ST entrepreneurs.
● Housing for all by 2020.
● Upgradation 80,000 secondary schools.
● DBT will be further be expanded from 1 crore to 10.3 crore.
● For the Atal Pension Yojna, govt. will contribute 50% of the premium limited to Rs. 1000 a year.
● New scheme for physical aids and assisted living devices for people aged over 80 .
● Govt to use Rs. 9000 crore unclaimed funds in PPF/EPF for Senior Citizens Fund.
● Rs. 5,000 crore additional allocation for MGNREGA.
● Govt. to create universal social security system for all Indians.

Renewable Energy: ● Rs. 75 crore for electric cars production.
● Renewable energy target for 2022: 100K MW in solar; 60K MW in wind; 10K MW in biomass and 5K MW in small hydro

● Development schemes for churches and convents in old Goa; Hampi, Elephanta caves, Forests of Rajasthan, Leh palace, Varanasi , Jallianwala Bagh, Qutb Shahi tombs at Hyderabad to be under the new tourism scheme.
● Visa on Arrival for 150 countries.

February 27, 2015

New Appointments in India 2015

National Institution for Transforming India (Niti Aayog): Narendra Modi, Chairman
• National Institution for Transforming India (Niti Aayog) : Arvind Panagariya, Vice-Chairman
Lok Sabha, Speaker : Mrs. Sumitra Mahajan • Lok Sabha,
• Lok Sabha, Secretary-General : T. K. Viswanathan • Rajya Sabha,
• Lok Sabha, Chairman : Mohammad Hamid Ansari

Rajya Sabha, Deputy Chairman : P. J. Kurien
Rajya Sabha, Leader of House : Arun Jaitley
Rajya Sabha, Leader of Opposition : Ghulam Nabi Azad •
• Rajya Sabha, Secretary-General : Shumsher K. Sheriff •
Chief Election Commissioner : Harishankar Brahma
Election Commissioner : Syed Nasim Zaidi
Comptroller and Auditor-General of India : Shashi Kant Sharma
National Human Right Commission (NHRC) : Justice K. G. Balakrishnan, Chairperson
Cabinet Secretary : Ajit Kumar Seth
Principal Secretary to Prime Minister : Nripendra Misra
National Commission for Backward Classes : Justice V. Eshwaraiah, Chairman
National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) : Ms. Shanta Sinha, Chairperson
National Commission for Scheduled Castes : Dr. P. L. Punia, Chairman
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) : Dr.Rameshwar Oraon, Chairman
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) : Deepak Gupta, Chairman
• National Commission on Farmers (NCF) : Dr. M. S. Swaminathan, Chairman
• National Security Adviser and Special Adviser to PM (Internal Security) : Ajit Kumar Doval
• National Investigation Agency (NIA) : Sharad Kumar, Director-General
• Railway Board : A. K. Mital, Chairman
• Intelligence Bureau (IB) : Dineshwar Sharma, Director
• Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) : Anil Kumar Sinha, Director
• Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) : Rajinder Khanna, Director
• National Security Guard (NSG) : Jayanto Narayan Choudhury, Director-General
• Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) : Prakash Mishra, Director-General
• Border Security Force (BSF) : Devendra Kumar Pathak, Director-General
• Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) : Arvind Ranjan, Director-General
• Railway Protection Force. (RPF) : P. K. Mehta, Director-General
• Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) : Parkash Mishra, Director-General
• Sashastra Seema Bal : B. D. Sharma, Director-General
• Indian Coast Guard : Vice-Admiral Anurag G. Thapliyal, Director-General
• Defence Intelligence Agency : Lt. Gen. Avtar Singh, Director-General
• University Grants Commission (UGC) : Prof. Ved Prakash, Chairman
• Defence Research and Development Organisation. (DRDO) : Dr. Avinash Chander, Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary
• Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government : Dr. R. Chidambaram
• Space Commission and ISRO : A. S. Kiran Kumar, Chairman
• Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept. of Atomic
Energy : Ratan Kumar Sinha, Chairman
• National Commission for Minorities : Naseem Ahmad, Chairperson
• Staff Selection Commission (SSC) : Amitava Bhattacharya,
• Indian Council of Medical Research : Dr. Vishwa Mohan Katoch, Director-General
• India and Census Commissioner : C. Chandramouli, Registrar-General
• Law Commission : Justice D. K. Jain, Chairman
• Indian National Academy of Engineering (INAE) : Dr. B. N. Suresh, President
• National Forest Commission : Justice (Retd.) B. N. Kirpal, Chairman
• National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) : T. Nanda Kumar, Chairperson
• Border Roads Organisation : Lt. General AT Parnaik, Director-General
• Reserve Bank of India (RBI) : Dr. Raghuram Rajan, Governor
• Press Council of India : Justice Chandramauli Kumar Prasad, Chairman
• Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) : Ravindra Pisharody, Chairman
• Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) : R. K. Tewari, Chairman
• Central Board of Excise and Customs : Mrs. J.M. Shanti Sundharam, Chairman
• Competition Commission of India : Ashok Chawla
• Central Administrative Tribunal : Justice Syed Rafat Alam, Chairman
• National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) : R.S.T. Sai, CMD
• Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) : R. S. Sharma, CMD
• GAIL : B. C. Tripathi, CMD
• Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) : S. Behuria, Chairman
• Oil India Ltd : Sunil Kumar Srivastava, CMD
• Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) : Dr. Satbir Bedi, Chairperson
• Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) : U. K. Sinha, Chairman
• National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) : Dr. Harsh Kumar Bhanwala, Chairman
• State Bank of India (SBI) : Smt. Arundhati Bhattacharya, Chairman
• Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) : M. S. Raghavan, Chairman
• Company Law Board : Justice Dilip Raosaheb Deshmukh, Chairman
• India's Permanent Representative to UN : Hardeep Singh Puri
• Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) : S. K. Roy, Chairman
• Central Water Commission : Ashwin Pandya, Chairman
• National Commission for Women : Ms. Lalitha Kumarmangalam, Chairperson
• 14th Finance Commission : Dr. Y. V. Reddy, Chairman
• National Statistical Commission : Dr. Pronob Sen, Chairman
• Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) : Pahlaj Nihalani, Chairperson
• Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) : Dr. Rakesh Tewari , Director-General
• Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) : Dr. Jyotsna Suri, President
• Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) : Dr. Rahul Khullar, Chairman
• Enforcement Directorate : Dr. Rajan Katoch, Director
• Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) : R. V. Verma, Chairman
• Bhabha Atomic Research Centre : Dr. Sekhar Basu, Director
• Indian Olympic Association : N. Ramachandran, President
• National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) : Prof. B.K.Tripathi, Acting Director
• Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) : Ajay S. Shriram, President
• Prasar Bharti Board : Dr. A. Surya Prakash , Chairman
• Investment Commission : Ratan Tata , Chairman
• Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) : Shivlal Yadav, Interim President
• NASSCOM : R. Chandrasekaran, Chairman
• National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) : Ramesh Sippy, Chairman
• United News of India : Ravindra Kumar, Chairman
• Press Trust of India (PTI) : Mahendra Mohan Gupta ,Chairman
• Indian Newspaper Society (INS) : Kiran B. Vadodaria , President
• The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) : Rana Kapoor , President

January 08, 2015

Important Battles in the Indian History

Important Battles in the Indian History

1. 1st battle of Tarain--1191-- Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohammed Ghori
2. 2nd battle of Tarain--1192--Mohammad Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan
3. 1st battle of Panipat--1526--Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodi
4. Battle of Khanwa--1527-- Babur defeated Rana Sunga further strengthening his foothold in India.
5. Battle of Ghaghra--1529--Babur defeated Mahmud Lodi and Sultan Nusrat Shah thus establishing Mughal rule in India.
6. 2nd battle of Panipat--1556--Akbar defeated Hemu
7. 3rd battle of Panipat--1761Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas
8. Battle of Talikota--1565--Deccan Sultanates defeated the glorious Vijayanagar empire
9. Battle of Haldighati--1576--Undecisive battle between Raja Man Singh of Mughal Army and Rana Pratap of Mewar.
10. Battle of Plassey--1757--British defeated Siraj-ud-duala with the help of Mir Zafar. This battle laid the foundation of British empire in India.
11. Battle of Wandiwash--1760--British decisively defeated the French in India. The Seven years war (1756 - 1763) between the British and the French in Europe ran parallel to this war. 3 Carnatic wars were fought between the British and the French and this battle was a part of the 3rd Carnatic War.
12. Battle of Buxar--1764--British defeated the combined forces of Mir Qasim, Shuja-ud-duala (Nawab of Oudh) and Shah Alam II(Mughal emperor). This completed the work began by the battle of Plassey.
13. Battle of Samugarh--1658--Aurangzeb defeated Dara Shikoh.
14. Battle of Karnal--1739--Nadir Shah defeated Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah.



[1] Anshi National Park --------- Karnataka
[2] Bandipur National Park ----------- Karnataka
[3] Bannerghatta National Park --------- Karnataka
[4] Balphakram National Park ------- Meghalaya
[5] Bandhavgarh National Park --------- Madhya Pradesh
[6] Betla National Park --------- Jharkhand
[7] Bhitarkanika National Park ------- Odisha
[8] Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar -------- Gujarat
[9] Buxa Tiger Reserve -------- West Bengal
[10] Campbell Bay National Park --------- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
[11] Chandoli National Park --------- Maharashtra
[12] Dachigam National Park ------- Jammu and Kashmir
[13] Darrah National Park --------- Rajasthan
[14] Desert National Park -------- Rajasthan
[15] Dibru-Saikhowa National Park --------- Assam
[16] Dudhwa National Park --------- Uttar Pradesh
[17] Eravikulam National Park -------- Kerala
[18] Galathea National Park --------- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
[19] Gangotri National Park --------- Uttarakhand
[20] Gir Forest National Park --------- Gujarat
[21] Gorumara National Park -------- West Bengal
[22] Govind Pashu Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary ------ Uttarakhand
[23] Great Himalayan National Park ------- Himachal Pradesh,
[24] Gugamal National Park -------- Maharashtra
[25] Guindy National Park -------- Tamil Nadu
[26] Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park ---------- Tamil Nadu
[27] Hemis National Park --------- Jammu and Kashmir
[28] Harike Wetland ------- Punjab
[29] Hazaribagh National Park ------- Jharkhand
[30] Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park -------- Tamil Nadu
[31] Indravati National Park ------- Chhattisgarh
[32] Jaldapara National Park ------- West Bengal
[33] Jim Corbett National Park -------- Uttarakhand
[34] Kalesar National Park ------ Haryana
[35] Kanha National Park ------- Madhya Pradesh
[36] Kanger Ghati National Park -------- Chhattisgarh
[37] Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park -------- Telangana
[38] Kaziranga National Park ------ Assam
[39] Keibul Lamjao National Park ------ Manipur
[40] Keoladeo National Park --------- Rajasthan
[41] Khangchendzonga National Park ------- Sikkim
[42] Kishtwar National Park --------- Jammu and Kashmir
[43] Kudremukh National Park ------- Karnataka
[44] Madhav National Park ------- Madhya Pradesh
[45] Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park ------- Andaman and Nicobar Islands
[46] Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park ------- Telangana
[47] Manas National Park ------ Assam
[48] Mandla Plant Fossils National Park -------- Madhya Pradesh
[49] Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch ------- Gujarat
[50] Mathikettan Shola National Park ------- Kerala

NEW & LATEST ( BANKING Abbreviation )

NEW & LATEST ( BANKING Abbreviation )

1. BSBDA - Basic Savings Bank Deposit Account
2. FCNR(B) - Foreign Currency Non-Resident Bank
3. TARC - Tax Administration Reform Commission 
4. ITEs: Intra-Group Transactions and Exposures
5. LCR: Liquidity Coverage Ratio
6. NSFR: Net Stable Funding Ratio
7. LRMT: Liquidity risk monitoring tools
8. CBS: Core Banking Solution
9. DEAF: Depositor Education and Awareness Fund
10. CRAR: Capital to Risk-weighted Assets Ratio
11. External Commercial Borrowings (ECB)
12. SWIFT: Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication
13. FSLRC: Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission
14. MIBOR: Mumbai Inter-Bank Offer Rate
15. LIBOR: London Inter-Bank Offer Rate
16. LAF – Liquidity Adjustment Facility
17. GIRO - Government Internal Revenue Order
18. EEFC - Exchange Earner's Foreign Currency
19. FRBMA: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act
20. ALM- Asset Liability Management
21. AMFI- Association of Mutual Fund in India.
22. TIEA – Tax Information exchange Agreement
23. CAR – Cash Adequacy Ratio
24. CCEA – Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
25. CECA - Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
26. CEPA – Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
27. DTAA – Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
28. DTC – Direct Tax Code
29. ECBs - External Commercial Borrowings
30. EEFC - Exchange Earner's Foreign Currency
31. EFSF – European Financial Stability Facility
32. FEMA- Foreign Exchange Management Act
33. FII – Foreign Institutional Investor.
34. FINO- Financial Inclusion Network Operation
35. FIPB – Foreign Investment Promotion board
36. FSLRC – Financial Sector Legislative Reforms Commission
37. FTA- Free trade agreement
38. GAAR - General anti avoidance rule
39. GSLV - Geo-Synchronous Launch Vehicle
40. MSF-Marginal Standing Facility
41. NBFC-Non Banking Finance Companies
42. NCTC - National Counter-Terrorism Centre
43. NEFT - National Electronic Funds Transfer
44. NSG – Nuclear Suppliers Group
45. PPP – Public Private Partnership & Purchasing Power parity
46. PSLV – Polar Satellite Launch vehicle
47. RTGS - Real Time Gross Settlement
48. SLR-Statutory Liquidity Ratio
49. TAPI - Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India.
50. QFI -Qualified Foreign Investors

All you need to know about 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

All you need to know about 13th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas

Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) is celebrated every year on January 9. The three-day event of 13th PBD organized at Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar, Gujarat was inaugurated on 7th jan 2015.
The event is also known as ‘Non-Resident Indian Day’ as it marked the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa in the year 1915 on the same day i.e. January 9. The programme also acknowledges the contribution of Indians living abroad in the development of the country.
The PBD is organised by Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs and is supported by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region of India.
The Pravasi Bharatiya Divas programme serves as a platform for the Indians to share their valuable experiences in various fields. Moreover, individuals who have achieved excellence in their respective fields are also honoured during the programme with the prestigious ‘Bharatiya Samman’ award.
The PBD not only helps in networking and building partnerships but also promotes various initiatives related to trade, investment, education, culture, health, emigration, developments and science.
Over 4,000 delegates of Indian diaspora are expected to attend the 13th PBD initiated by then NDA government in 2003.
Guyana President Donald Ramotar is the chief guest for this year's programme. The chief guest will also be honoured with the ‘Pravasi Bharatiya Samman’.
Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj inaugurated the Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas on Wednesday. After the inauguration, a plenary session on ‘Bharat Ko Jano & Bharat Ko Mano' followed by a talk on ‘Thoughts of Gandhi in 21st century referring to youths’ was also held.
Besides, important projects of NDA government including Make in India, Swachch Bharat, Skill India, Clean Ganga, and Tourism campaigns would also be briefed to the diaspora.

January 06, 2015

Fun things for Kids to do when getting Bored

  • Plant a tree.
  • Bake cookies for the neighbors -- or your family..
  • Act out your child's favorite book.
  • Visit an interactive museum.
  • Have a catch in a local park or the backyard.
  • Build an indoor tent or fort with couches and some bed sheets.
  • Turn on the radio and dance.
  • Play Simon Says -- an oldie, but goodie.
  • Dress up in last year's Halloween costumes and have a have a costume parade.
  • Put together a jigsaw puzzle.
  • Make homemade play dough.
  • String together macaroni for jewelry.
  • Host a picnic lunch -- indoors or outdoors.
  • Learn how to tie-dye T-shirts.
  • Pull out the dress box, put on funny clothes and have a photo shoot.
  • Head outdoors for bird watching.
  • Create a time capsule.
  • Write letters to soldiers.
  • Play balloon volleyball.
  • Have a potato-sack race..
  • Camp out in the backyard.
  • Make up a secret handshake.
  • Count how many times you can spin in a circle without getting dizzy.
  • Make fruit kabobs.
  • Play lily-pad leap with small rugs and towels strategically placed throughout the playroom or living room.
  • Construct an indoor obstacle course.
  • Choreograph a dance routine.
  • Host a movie night. Plan for it by drawing tickets, making popcorn and setting up the room like a theater.
  • Make bath fizzies by combining citric acid, baking soda and cornstarch.
  • Pull out some old socks and draw faces on them to make sock puppets -- then put on a show.
  • Make a friendship bracelet.
  • Exercise those finger-painting skills.
  • Pull out Twister.
  • Practice saying the 50 states in alphabetical order
  • Take silly pictures with a camera.
  • Make up your own mad-libs.
  • Host an at-home field day, complete with tug of war and team colors.
  • Explore small areas of nature with a magnifying glass.
  • Experiment with science. Make a papier mâché volcano and mix baking soda and vinegar for an explosive reaction!
  • Learn a new card game.
  • Host a tea party.
  • Partake in brainteasers, such as Sudoku, crossword puzzles and word searches.
  • Set up the basketball game of HORSE or just shoot hoops.
  • Teach kids to hula hoop.
  • Jump rope.
  • Go on a walk and let kids take pictures (with a disposable camera) of their favorite things around the neighborhood.
  • Break out the pots and pans and practice drumming skills (ear plugs required for parents!).
  • Rearrange your child's bedroom.
  • Find and write to a pen pal.
  • Mix homemade bubbles: 1 cup granulated soap or soap powder, 1 quart warm water, and liquid food coloring
  • Make sandwiches and deliver them to a homeless shelter or the local food pantry.
  • Set up a platter of new foods, maturing your tyke’s palette.
  • Sew a pillow. Just grab some fabric, scissors, stuffing and a needle and thread.
  • Play Hot Potato -- use anything from a bean bag to a bar of soap.
  • Explore the world with Google Maps -- find your home, your child's school, favorite spots, etc.
  • Name that tune.
  • Ask "what do you want to be when you grow up" and then plan your day around that career. What would a fireman wear? What would a teacher do?
  • Build an outdoor fort with tarps and bungees around trees.
  • Make up a secret language.
  • Phone a friend. Better yet, use Skype or FaceTime.
  • Set up a make-your-own-sundae station.
  • Host a watercolor night where everyone paints their favorite (fill-in-the-blank).
  • Construct a family tree.
  • Start a mini garden.
  • Run through the sprinklers.
  • Give the family pet a bath.
  • Reminisce about your favorite family vacation and draw pictures of everything you did to make a book.
  • Learn magic tricks.
  • Run relay races.
  • Make up a fun song about the family (My name is Jim and I like to swim, my sister’s name is Cate and she likes to skate…).
  • Write a letter to someone special (Grandma, Santa, the Tooth Fairy, your child's favorite athlete, etc.) then mail it.
  • Research popular constellations. At night, head outdoors to spot nature’s bountiful creations.
  • Try to replicate a famous painting.
  • Learn the alphabet in Sign language.
  • Pick flowers (from your own garden, of course) and create a flower arrangement for the dining room table.
  • Make an eye-spy scavenger hunt (something shiny and blue, something round that makes noise, something clear, etc.).

Ways to prevent Blockage in Heart

Clogged arteries or atherosclerosis is one of the prime reasons for heart attack in many. While sedentary lifestyle, bad eating habits and lack of physical activity are often blamed for this condition, a lot can be done to reverse the outcome of these habits. Here are a few things that you can do to prevent blockage in your heart.

  • Quit smoking: Smoking has always been linked to heart diseases. There are some 4,000 odd chemicals that are inhaled into the system when you smoke and they do no good to health. In fact, these chemicals constrict the arteries of the heart which leads to clogging. Second hand smoke is equally dangerous and increases one’s chances of blockage. Apart from this, environmental pollution is also responsible. The toxics inhaled from the environment are absorbed into the blood, causing inflammation in blood vessels, increased blood pressure, and clogged arteries.
  • Limit caffeine intake: Caffeine is present in sodas, colas, tea, coffee and other processed drinks. Excessive caffeine intake can lead to clogging of the arteries, other studies suggest that drinking coffee in moderation (without cream and artificial sweetener) can help lower blood pressure and boost heart health. However, soft drinks and colas come with no health benefits in disguise. Being high in sugar content and caffeine, they gradually damage your arteries and increase your chances of heart attack in future.
  • Limit your sugar intake: This just doesn’t mean limiting your intake of sweets and desserts, but also foods rich in carbohydrate that break down to simple sugar. High amount of sugar in the blood stream gives rise to diabetes and is also responsible for creating havoc on your heart.
  • Choose your cooking oil wisely: Most vegetable oils are high in PUFA or polyunsaturated fat content, which could lead to oxidative damage and raise cholesterol levels. This in turn can clog the arteries and lead to blockages. However, PUFA is also needed in the body for other functions though in minute amounts. So choose cooking oils that are low in PUFA content to be on the safer side.
  • Eat foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids: For a long time it has been suggested that eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty-acids help to boost heart health and reduce chances of heart diseases. Recent studies also suggest that these foods help to fight inflammation and keep the arteries clear from clogging. 
  • Eat saturated fats: ‘Fats are not good for your heart’ is an outright lie. In fact, fats are also essential for your heart health. When taken in moderation, saturated fats help to fight oxidative damage and keep the arteries of the heart healthy. 
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables: Fruits and vegetables are in a way considered to be medicine for your body because of its various benefits. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, fibre, phytonutirents and other micronutrients, which do your heart a lot of good. Nitrate, found in lettuce, beet, spinach and other vegetables, restricts contraction of arteries, development of plaque and arrests blood coagulation, while the antioxidants in the fruits provide resistance from oxidative damage.
  • Make exercise a habit: Exercise boosts heart health, improves circulation and helps reduce incidence of artery clogging. Even 30 minutes of daily exercise can go a long way in preventing a blockage.

January 05, 2015

Unknown facts about Strawberry

  • During strawberry production, every plant is picked every third day.
  • The acids in the fruit help to remove stains.
  • Roughly 27,000 kilos of strawberries are eaten during the Wimbledon Championships, together with 7,000 litres of cream.
  • California strawberry facts show that there are 24,500 acres of strawberries planted in the state.
  • Americans eat 3.4 pounds of fresh strawberries each year plus another 1.8 pounds frozen per capita.
  • Strawberries are a member of the rose family.
  • “Strawberry” is the second most popular natural flavor. It is second only to “chocolate”.
  • They are also full of flavonoids, which form part of the strawberry’s red colour. They are known to help reduce cholesterol from clogging up the heart’s arteries.
  • There is a museum in Belgium just for strawberries.
  • In medieval times strawberries were regarded as an aphrodisiac and soup made of strawberries, borage and soured cream was traditionally served to newly-weds at their wedding breakfast
  • Strawberries are the first fruit to ripen in the spring.
  • To symbolize perfection and righteousness, medieval stone masons carved strawberry designs on altars and around the tops of pillars in churches and cathedrals
  • Strawberries are full of a special substance called ellagic acid which can help fight cancers.
  • The ancient Romans believed that strawberries alleviated symptoms of melancholy, fainting, all inflammations, fevers, throat infections, kidney stones, bad breath, attacks of gout, and diseases of the blood, liver and spleen.
  • In medieval times, strawberries were served at important functions to bring peace & prosperity.
  • Over 53 percent of seven to nine-year-olds picked strawberries as their favorite fruit.
  • Strawberries can also be white or yellow and some can even taste like pineapples.
  • The Latin name for the famous everyday strawberry is Fragaria Ananassa. 
  • Eight medium sized strawberries have more Vitamin C than an orange
  • In the sixteenth century strawberries were sold in cone-shaped straw baskets thus becoming one of the earliest packaged foods
  • Strawberries were cultivated by the Romans as early as 200 BC
  • The American colonists created strawberry shortcake.
  • Strawberries are low fat, low calorie; high in vitamin C, fiber, folic acid, potassium
  • Folk lore states that if you split a double strawberry in half and share it with the opposite sex, you’ll soon fall in love.
  • A 100g serving of strawberries will serve you for just 50 calories
  • In France, Strawberries were thought to be an aphrodisiac. A soup made of strawberries, thinned sour cream, borage, & powered sugar was served to newlyweds.
  • In parts of Bavaria, country folk still practice the annual rite each spring of tying small baskets of wild strawberries to the horns of their cattle as an offering to elves.They believe that the elves, are passionately fond of strawberries, will help to produce healthy calves and an abundance of milk in return.
  • The average strawberry has 200 seeds.
  • Strawberries are the only fruit with seeds on the outside.
  • Madame Tallien, a prominent figure at the court of the Emperor Napoleon, was famous for bathing in the juice of fresh strawberries. She used 22 pounds per basin. Needless to say, she did not bathe daily.
  • The word strawberry comes from the Old English words “streowberie” or “streawbelige”. There are a few theories about how they got their name. The “straw” bit could come from the straw that was used to keep the strawberries fresh, or it could come from “strewed”, which means to spread wide.
  • Ninety-four percent of US households consume strawberries.
  • Strawberries, as part of a 5 a day fruit & vegetable program, can help reduce the risk of cancer & heart attacks.

Uses of Neem Tree

The Botanical Name for the Neem Tree is Azadirachta indica belonging to the family Meliaceae (Mahoany Family). It is a tropical evergreen tree. The bark, leaves, fruits and flowers of the Neem Tree are used for medicinal purposes and to make many beauty products. In India the Neem Tree has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for more than 4000 years. The Neem Tree grows in tropical and sub-tropical climates and is native to India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

In India the Neem Tree has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for more than 4000 years. The Neem Tree is respected and worshiped as a holy tree in India.
Neem trees 
The Neem tree grows well in places that have a tropical or sub-tropical climate. They thrive very well in hot weather conditions. The Neem Tree is very adaptable. It can grow in any type of soil. They grow very well in well-drained deep and sandy soils. They can also grow in shallow rocky slopes where there is not much soil or water in acidic soils in areas where there is poor rainfall.

The Neem Tree does not grow in water logged or clay based soils. This tree can tolerate very high temperatures but cannot withstand temperatures below 4 degree centigrade. The lifespan of the Neem Tree is about 150-200 years.
Description of Neem Tree
The Neem Tree is evergreen and can reach heights of about 15 -30 m. The trunk of the Neem Tree is straight. The texture of the trunk is hard and scaly. It has wide spreading branches with dense clusters of leaves. During extreme dry conditions the Neem Tree sheds all the leaves.

The leaves of the Neem Tree are arranged in a comb like structure called as the “pinnate” arrangement. The pinnate leaves are arranged opposite to each other on a long stalk. The leaves of the Neem Tree are 20-30 cm long. 

The flowers are found in large clusters called “inflorescence”. Each inflorescence bears about 150 -250 flowers. The individual flower itself is very small. They are white in color and have a strong fragrance. 

The fruit of the Neem Tree is oval to round in shape and smooth just like the Olive fruit. This fruit is edible but bitter in taste. It has one elongated seed and rarely two to three seeds.

Uses of the Neem Tree

  • The bark, leaves and seeds are used to make medicines.
  • Neem leaves are used for intestinal worms, stomach upsets, loss of appetite, skin ulcers, diabetes, gum disease, liver problems and eye disorders.They are also used to treat chicken pox and warts by directly applying a paste of the Neem leaves to the skin. 
  • Neem leaves have insecticidal properties and are used to store grains to prevent insects from eating the grains.
  • The anti-bacterial properties of Neem help to fight against skin infections such as acne, psoriasis, scabies, eczema etc. 
  • The bark is used for malaria, stomach and intestinal ulcers, skin diseases pain and fever.
  • The flower is used to reduce bile secretion, controlling phlegm and treating intestinal worms.
  • The fruit is used for hemorrhoids, intestinal worms, urinary tract disorders, diabetes and eye disorders.
  • The seed and seed oil is used for leprosy and intestinal worms.
  • The Neem oil extracted from trees is used in cosmetics and medicines.
  • Neem extracts are used to make soaps, bath powder, shampoos, lotion and creams, tooth pastes, skin purifiers, repellents and pet care products.
  • Neem leaves are used to make Neem leaf capsules to increase immunity.
  • The stem, root, bark and fruit of the Neem Tree are used to make astringents and tooth pastes.
  • Neem is used as an insecticide in agriculture.
  • Growing Neem Trees helps to bring back the acidic soil to the normal range. It also helps to improve the water holding capacity and nutrients of the soil.

Facts about World War 2

§  The first German serviceman killed in the Second World War was killed by the Japanese (China, 1937).
§  The first American serviceman killed was killed by the Russians (Finland 1940).
§  80% of Soviet males born in 1923 didn’t survive World War 2.
§  The highest ranking American killed was Lt. Gen. Lesley McNair, killed by the US Army Air Corps.
§  Between 1939 and 1945 the Allies dropped 3.4 million tons of bombs, an average of about 27,700 tons of bombs each month.
§  2 million German women aged 13-70 were allegedly raped by the Red Army on WWII.
§  Queen Elizabeth II served as a mechanic and driver in World War II.
§  Germany lost 40-45% of their aircraft during World War 2 to accidents
§  The swastika is an ancient religious symbol.
§  More Russians (military and civilians) lost their lives during the Siege of Leningrad than did American and British soldiers combined in all of WWII.
§  12,000 heavy bombers were shot down in World War 2.
§  U.S. Soldier John R. McKinney held off over 100 Japanese soldiers single headedly in WWII.
§  It is estimated that 20,000 Koreans were killed in Hiroshima and 2,000 died in Nagasaki.
§  2/3 of Allied bomber crews were lost for each plane destroyed.
§  84 German Generals were executed by Hitler
§  When allied armies reached the Rhine, the first thing men did was pee in it.
§  On July 14, 1941, the Soviets introduced a new weapon, the Katyusha, which could fire 320 rockets in 25 seconds.
§  Either 3 or 4 ground men were wounded for each killed.
§  6 bomber crewmen were killed for each one wounded.
§  Over 100,000 Allied bomber crewmen were killed over Europe.
§  There were 433 Medals of Honor awarded during World War 2, 219 of them were given after the receipiant’s death.
§  From 6 June 1944 to 8 May 1945 in Europe the Allies had 200,000 dead and 550,000 wounded.
§  The youngest US serviceman was 12 year old Calvin Graham, USN. He was wounded in combat and given a Dishonorable Discharge for lieing about his age. (His benefits were later restored by act of Congress).
§  Most members of the Waffen SS were not German.
§  Prisoners of war in Russian camps experienced an 85% mortality rate.
§  Germany lost 136 Generals, which averages out to be 1 dead General every 2 weeks
§  Germany lost 110 Division Commanders in combat.
§  The number of Chinese killed by the Japanese during WWII is greater than the number of Jews killed in the Holocaust.
§  40,000 men served on the U-Boats during World War 2; 30,000 of them didn’t survive.
§  12,000 heavy bombers were shot down in World War 2
§  More US servicemen died in the Air Corps that the Marine Corps.
§  40,000 men served on U-Boats during World War 2; 30,000 never returned
§  While completing the required 30 missions, your chance of being killed was 71%. Not those bombers were helpless. A B-17 carried 4 tons of bombs and 1.5 tons of machine gun ammo. The US 8th Air Force shot down 6,098 fighter planes, 1 for every 12,700 shots fired.
§  Germany’s power grid was much more vulnerable than realized. One estimate is that if just 1% of the bombs dropped on German industry had instead been dropped on power plants, German industry would have collapsed.
§  There was no such thing as an average fighter pilot in the World War 2. Japanese ace Hiroyoshi Nishizawa shot down over 80 planes.
§  When allied armies reached the Rhine, the first thing men did was pee in it.
§  German Me-264 bombers were capable of bombing New York City but it wasn’t worth the effort.
§  A number of air crewmen died of farts. (Ascending to 20,000 ft. in an un-pressurized aircraft causes intestinal gas to expand 300%!)
§  Germany lost 40-45% of their aircraft during World War 2 to accidents
§  The Russians destroyed over 500 German aircraft by ramming them in midair .
§  The average German officer slot had to be refilled 9.2 times.
§  German submarine U-120 was sunk by a malfunctioning toilet.
§  The US Army had more ships than the US Navy.
§  The German Air Force had 22 infantry divisions, 2 armor divisions, and 11 paratroop divisions.
§  None of them were capable of airborne operations. The German Army had paratroops who WERE capable of airborne operations.
§  When the US Army landed in North Africa, among the equipment brought ashore were 3 complete Coca Cola bottling plants.
§  84 German Generals were executed by Hitler
§  Among the first “Germans” captured at Normandy were several Koreans. They had been forced to fight for the Japanese Army until they were captured by the Russians and forced to fight for the Russian Army until they were captured by the Germans and forced to fight for the German Army until they were capture by the US Army.
§  The Graf Spee never sank, The scuttling attempt failed and the ship was bought by the British. On board was Germany’s newest radar system.
§  That Nazi salute was modeled on the salute of Italian Fascists, the ancient Romans, as well as ancient Germans.
§  One of Japan’s methods of destroying tanks was to bury a very large artillery shell with on ly the nose exposed. When a tank came near the enough a soldier would whack the shell with a hammer.
§  Following a massive naval bombardment, 35,000 US and Canadian troops stormed ashore at Kiska. 21 troops were killed in the fire-fight. It would have been worse if there had been Japanese on the island.
§  Most members of the Waffen SS were not German.
§  Air attacks caused 1/3 of German Generals’ deaths
§  By D-Day, the Germans had 1.5 million railway workers operating 988,000 freight cars and used 29,000 per day
§  The only nation that Germany declared war on was the USA.
§  During the Japanese attack on Hong Kong, British officers objected to Canadian infantrymen taking up positions in the officer’s mess. No enlisted men allowed!
§  By D-Day, 35% of all German soldiers had been wounded at least once, 11% twice, 6% three times, 2% four times and 2% more than 4 times
§  Nuclear physicist Niels Bohr was rescued in the nick of time from German occupied Denmark. While Danish resistance fighters provided covering fire he ran out the back door of his home stopping momentarily to grab a beer bottle full of precious “heavy water”

§  Germany lost 136 Generals, which averages out to be 1 dead General every 2 weeks.