• Listening to music while working out measurably improves physical performance.
  • You don't like the original version of a song because it's better. You like it because it's the one you heard first.
  • Your favourite song is probably your favourite because you associate it with an emotional event in your life.
  • None of The Beatles Could Read Music.
  • Your heartbeat changes and mimics the music you listen to.
  • Flowers can grow faster by listening to music.
  • The type of music you listen to affects the way you perceive the world.
  • Leo Fender, inventor of the Telecaster and Stratocaster, could not play guitar.
  • The world's longest concert goes so slow, it will last 639 years
  • The world's most expensive musical instrument, a Stradivarius violin, was sold in 2011 for US$15.9 million.
  • Loud music can make a person drink more in less time.
  • The song Jingle Bells was originally written for Thanks giving.
  • The original lyrics of the “Happy Birthday to You” song were "Good Morning to You".
  • A song that gets stuck in your head is called an "earworm".
  • Children who study music tend to have larger vocabularies and more advanced reading skills than their peers who do not participate in music lessons.
  • Music was sent down a telephone line for the first time in 1876, the year the phone was invented.
  • The CD was developed by Philips and Sony in 1980.
  • The world’s largest disco was held at the Buffalo Convention Centre, New York, 1979. 13,000 danced a place into the Guinness Book of World Records.
  • A grand piano can be played faster than an upright (spinet) piano.
  • A piano covers the full spectrum of all orchestra instruments, from below the lowest note of the double bassoon to above the top note of the piccolo.
  • Music can reduce anxiety, lower blood pressure and decrease stress hormones
  • The smallest guitar in the world is 10 micrometres long with strings 50 nanometres (100 atoms) wide.
  • Yamaha, established in 1887 was the first piano manufacturer in Japan.
  • The world’s largest piano is a Challen Concert Grand. This piano is 11 feet long, has a total string tension of over 30 tons and weighs more than a ton!!

  • Google was originally called "Backrub”.
  • In 1999, the founders of Google actually tried to sell it to Excite for just US$1 million. Excite turned them down.
  • The founders of Google did not have an idea regarding using HTML and just wanted a quick interface. This is the main reason that makes the Google home page appear so bare.
  • The first Google Doodle was dedicated to the Burning Man festival attended by Google founders in 1998. Larry Page and Sergey Brin made the first Google Doodle in August 1998.
  • If you search for "askew" in Google, the content will tilt slightly to the right.
  • When a Google employee dies, their spouses receive half pay from the company for 10 years and their children US$1,000 per month until they turn 19.
  • Every day, 16% of the searches that occur are ones that Google has never seen before.
  • Google hired a camel to create the Street view of a desert.
  • Microsoft pays you to use Bing instead of Google.
  • Every minute, 2 million searches are performed on Google.
  • Because Gmail first launched on April 1st of 2004, many people thought it was an April Fools' Day prank.
  • Firefox web browser's lead developer is now working for Google Chrome.
  • Google's first tweet ever was "I'm feeling lucky" written in binary code.
  • Google's First Computer Storage Was Made From LEGO.
  • Google is developing a computer so smart it can program itself.
  • Google beats Facebook: it's the world's most visited website.
  • For the 4th consecutive year, Google was named the best company to work for in the U.S. by Fortune Mag in 2014.
  • Google got its name by accident. The founders misspelled "googol", which refers to the number 1 followed by 100 zeroes.
  • On August 16, 2013, Google went down for 5 minutes and in that time, the global Internet traffic dropped by 40%
  • Google has a version of their site translated to the language of the Klingons, from Star Trek.
  • Google has acquired 24 companies this year alone — that's about three companies a month.
  • Google has the largest network of translators in the world.
  • Over 6 billion hours of video are watched each month on YouTube – that’s almost an hour for every person on earth.
  • Google's toughest competitors are Microsoft, Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Mozilla. 
  • Google believes that employees should not go out of 150 meters from the office for food so it provides various different varieties of cuisines to the employees inside the office.



Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1726)
Newton was a polymath who made investigations into a whole range of subjects including mathematics, optics, physics, and astronomy. In his Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, he laid the foundations for classical mechanics, explaining law of gravity and the Laws of Motion.
Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895)
Contributed greatly towards the advancement of medical sciences developing cures for rabies, anthrax and other infectious diseases. Also enabled process of pasteurisation to make milk safer to drink. Probably saved more lives than any other person.

Galileo (1564 – 1642)
Creating one of the first modern telescope, Galileo revolutionised our understanding of the world successfully proving the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around. His work Two New Sciences laid ground work for science of Kinetics and strength of materials.

Marie Curie (1867 – 1934)
Polish physicist and chemist. Discovered radiation and helped to apply it in the field of X ray. She won Nobel Prize in both Chemistry and Physics.

Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955)
Revolutionised modern physics with his general theory of relativity. Won Nobel Prize in Physics (1921) for his discovery of the Photoelectric effect, which formed basis of Quantum Theory.

Charles Darwin. (1809 – 1882)
Developed theory of evolution against a backdrop of disbelief and scepticism. Collected evidence over 20 years, and published conclusions in On the Origin of Species (1859).

Otto Hahn (1879-1968) – German

Chemist who discovered nuclear fission (1939). Pioneering scientist in the field of radio-chemistry. Discovered radio-active elements and nuclear isomerism (1921). Awarded Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1944)

Nikola Tesla (1856 –1943)
Work on electro-magnetism and AC current. Credited with many patents from electricity to radio transmission.

James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879)
Made great strides in understanding electro-magnetism. His research in electricity and kinetics, laid foundation for quantum physics. Einstein said of Maxwell, “The work of James Clerk Maxwell changed the world forever.”

Aristotle 384BC – 322BC
Great early Greek scientist who made many researches in the natural sciences including botany, zoology, physics, astronomy, chemistry, and meteorology, geometry.

Emil Fisher (1838–1914)
The outstanding chemist of the modern age. Synthesized many products to show their constituent parts. Won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902 for his research into the chemical composition of purines and sugars.

Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose
Great Bengali scientist who made important contributions in the field of radio and microwave technology. Also showed how sap in a plant rose.

Paul Dirac
One of the early exponents of quantum physics. Paul developed theories of the electron and the special theory of relativity.

Charles Babage – Inventor of first mechanical computers.
Michael Faraday – magno electrics
Stephen Hawking - work on black holes
Alexander Fleming – penicillin
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) – Three laws of planetary motion
Stephen Hawking – modern day scientist
Ernest Rutherford (1871 – 1937) – 20th century nuclear physicist, Nobel Prize winner


  • Charles Darwin was born in England on the 12th of February 1809, he died on the 19th of April 1882.
  • He was the grandson of Josiah Wedgwood the famous furniture manufacturer.
  • He studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh but found lectures dull.
  • He learned taxidermy from John Edmonstone, a freed black slave.
  • Darwin became an enthusiastic Beetle collector – which was a craze at the time.
  • His father sent him to Christ’s College, Cambridge with the intention of training him as an Anglican parson. He later gave up Christianity.
  • Presented compelling evidence from his detailed research which included a five year voyage on the HMS Beagle. On this voyage, Darwin visited ecologically diverse regions such as Brazil, Chile, Australia, the Falkland Islands and the Galapagos Islands. His five-year voyage on HMS Beagle established him as an eminent geologist and popular writer. His observations would be used to develop his theory of evolution.
  • His 1859 book ‘On the Origin of Species’, detailed much of his research on natural selection, it contained a large amount of evidence to back up his ideas and became a landmark work in the field of evolutionary biology.
  • Darwin and Wallace’s theories on evolution were both presented on the same day in 1858 to the Linnean Society of London.
  • The full title of Origin of Species is On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.
  • Darwin did not coin the phrase ‘survival of the fittest’. It was added to the fifth edition of Origin of Species. The phrase came from economist Herbert Spencer.
  • Darwin has appeared on more UK stamps than anyone outside the Royal Family.
  • Seven months after the publication of ‘Origin of Species’ the famous 1860 Oxford evolution debate occurred between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce. The debate is considered to be a great moment in natural history – and a key moment in the acceptance of evolution.
  • Other famous work by Charles Darwin includes: ‘The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals’, ‘The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex’, ‘The Power of Movement in Plants’ and ‘The Formation of Vegetable Mould Through the Action of Worms’.
  • Famous Charles Darwin quotes include: “Owing to this struggle for life, any variation, however slight and from whatever cause proceeding, if it be in any degree profitable to an individual of any species, in its infinitely complex relationship to other organic beings and to external nature, will tend to the preservation of that individual, and will generally be inherited by its offspring.”
  • He liked to eat exotic animals, but not owls.
  •  Charles Darwin had connections to Buddhism
  •  Charles Darwin influenced the early history of Psychology
  • Charles Darwin was an Abolitionist.
  • Charles Darwin married his Cousin.


  • The oldest Joint Stock Bank of India - Allahabad Bank
  • The bank founded by Freedom Fighter Dr. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya - Andhra Bank
  • First bank to open a branch outside India - Bank of India, London,1946
  • The first bank to be given an ISO 9002 certificate for one of its branches - Canara Bank
  • The Postal Dept has issued a commemorative stamp in the name of this bank
  • celebrating 100 years in 2011 - Central Bank of India
  • First Indian Bank to be wholly owned by Indians - Central Bank of India
  • The bank formed on the efforts of Lala Lajpat Rai - Punjab National Bank
  • The only merger of nationalised banks took place between - Punjab National Bank and New Bank of India in 1993
  • The bank whose brand equity is "Pygmy Deposit Scheme" - Syndicate Bank
  • The bank which was conceived by Shri GD Birla - UCO Bank
  • The bank which was inaugrated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 - Union Bank of India
  • The largest among nationalised banks - Punjab National Bank
  • The bank established in the year 1913 as Bank of Mysore Ltd. at the instance of the banking committee headed by the great Engineer-Statesman, Late Dr. Sir M.Visvesvaraya. - State Bank of Mysore
  • The State with largest number of commercial bank offices - Uttar Pradesh (13167 as on 31.03.2013) 

List of Nationalised Banks in India and their Head Offices

  1. Allahabad Bank - Kolkata
  2. Andhra Bank - Hyderabad
  3. Bank of Baroda - Baroda
  4. Bank of India - Mumbai
  5. Bank of Maharashtra - Pune
  6. Canara Bank - Bengaluru
  7. Central Bank of India - Mumbai
  8. Corporation Bank - Mangalore
  9. Dena Bank - Mumbai
  10. Indian Bank - Chennai 
  11. Indian Overseas Bank - Chennai
  12. Oriental Bank of Commerce - New Delhi
  13. Punjab & Sind Bank - New Delhi
  14. Punjab National Bank - New Delhi
  15. Syndicate Bank - Manipal
  16. UCO Bank - Kolkata
  17. Union Bank of India - Mumbai
  18. United Bank of India - Kolkata
  19. Vijaya Bank - Bangalore


  • .The life-span of a taste bud is 10 days.
  • A lack of exercise is now causing as many deaths as smoking across the world.
  • People who regularly eat dinner or breakfast in restaurants double their risk of becoming obese.
  • Farting helps reduce high blood pressure and is good for your health.
  • Laughing 100 times is equivalent to 15 minutes of exercise on a stationary bicycle.
  • Sitting for more than three hours a day can cut two years off a person's life expectancy.
  • Over 30% of cancer could be prevented by avoiding tobacco and alcohol, having a healthy diet and physical activity.
  • Sleeping less than 7 hours each night reduces your life expectancy.
  • Every cigarette you smoke reduces your expected life span by 11 minutes.
  • 1 Can of Soda a day increase your chances of getting type 2 diabetes by 22%
  • There are more skin cancer cases due to indoor tanning than lung cancer cases due to smoking.
  • A Father's Diet before Conception Plays a Crucial Role in a Child's Health.
  • Breakfast is the most important meal of the day because it feeds your body and mind with the necessary nutrients and energy to function throughout the day. Eating breakfast regularly will also help keep weight off because it gets your metabolism going.
  • There are more bacteria in your mouth than there are people in the world.
  • During your lifetime, you'll eat about 60,000 pounds of food — that's the weight of about 6 elephants.
  • The attachment of the human skin to muscles is what causes dimples.
  • Avoid eating a large meal before sleeping to decrease gastroesophageal reflux and weight gain.
  • An adult has fewer bones than a baby. We start off life with 350 bones, but because bones fuse together during growth, we end up with only 206 as adults.
  • nose is not as sensitive as a dog's, but it can remember 50,000 different scents.
  • Every square inc­h of skin on the human body has about 32 million bacteria on it, but fortunately, the vast majority of them are harmless.
  • Fingernails grow fastest on the hand that you write with and on the longest fingers. On average, nails grow about one-tenth of an inch each month.
  • The average human body contains enough fat to make 7 bars of soap.




Our memory helps make us who we are. From fondly recollecting childhood events to remembering where we left our keys, memory plays a vital role in every aspect of our lives. It provides us with a sense of self and makes up our continual experience of life.
It's easy to think of memory as a mental filing cabinet, storing away bits of information until we need them. In reality, it is a remarkably complex process that involves numerous parts of the brain. Memories can be vivid and long-lasting, but they are also susceptible to inaccuracies and forgetting.

The hippocampus is a horse-shoe shaped area of the brain that plays an important role in consolidating information from short-term memory into long-term memory. It is part of the limbic system, a system associated with emotions and long-term memories. The hippocampus is involved in such complex processes as forming, organizing, and storing memories.

The hippocampus can also decline with age. By the time people reach their 80s, they may have lost as much as 20 percent of the nerve connections in the hippocampus.

Here are interesting facts about the human memory—if you can remember them!
  • Scientific research has shown that the human brain starts remembering things from the womb—memory begins to work 20 weeks after conception.
  • Memory has two components—short term and long term.  Most short-term memories only last 20 to 30 seconds.
  • Memory is influenced by a variety of factors.  Memory based on what you saw vs. what you hear is called visual and auditory memory.
  • The storage capacity of the human brain is virtually limitless.
  • Caffeine doesn’t maintain memory performances, it only increases alertness.
  • It is believed that an adult can remember twenty to one hundred thousand words.
  • Sleep is important to memory.  Although scientists don’t know exactly how it affects the brain, it has been shown that sleep aids storage and retrieval of long-term memories.
  • Many people associate memory loss with aging.  However, the memory loss we see the older we get is generally because we tend to exercise our brains less as we age.
  • Your memory can associate a scent with a certain event or occurrence.  A smell can trigger the memory in your mind associated with it.  The hippocampus is the part of the brain largely responsible for the formation of new memories and directly interacts with our sense of smell.
  • There is such a thing as “false memory”.  Researchers are beginning to understand that the human mind can create, exaggerate, distort, or re-invent a memory after a traumatic experience or something that impacted them greatly.
  • The mind must be exercised just like any other muscle in the body.  The harder you think about a memory, the more likely you are to remember it accurately.  Thinking will create a stronger link between active neurons.


Hampi, a village in northern Karnataka is one of the most searched historical places in India. It is located within the ruins of Vijaynagara, the former capital of the Vijaynagara Empire. Known for its ruins, which are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Hampi is a must visit for many reasons. The ruins at Hampi stand there to tell a story of India’s rich cultural and historical past. We have listed down a few lesser known facts about Hampi that are bound to interest you… And for all you know, urge you to pack your bags and set forth for Hampi!
  • According to the mythological epic Ramayana, Lord Rama and his brother had visited this region, while looking for Rama’s wife, Sita. They visited this region to seek help from Vail and Sugriv (2 monkey brothers), who ruled the region. Due to such mythological references, this place was declared a World Heritage Site.
  • While it’s a known fact that the ruins of Hampi are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, we must tell you that the Hampi Monuments, popular for their carvings date back to the 14th Century.
  • The name Hampi was derived from the word ‘Pampa,’ which is the old name of Tungabhadra River, on whose Southern banks the city is built.
  • The ruins and monuments are spread over an area of 26 square kilometres.
  • Vijayanagara’s main coin mint was located in Hampi. The coinage was astonishing with gold, silver and copper coins with pictures of Gods, animals, birds, etc. The ruins of the mint can be seen inside the walled enclosure at the west of the royal enclosure.
  • The first historical record of settlement in Hampi dates back to 1 CE.
  • The Hazra Rama Temple complex is known for its frescoes from the Hindu religion. It has over a thousand carvings and inscriptions depicting the story of Ramayana.
  • The Malyavanta Raghunathaswamy temple here flaunts peculiar motifs of fish and marine creatures.
  • The Virupaksha Temple also known as the Pampavathi Temple rises over 120 feet. Apart from the sculptures of Lord Shiva, this temple also contains shrines of the erotica statues Bhuvaneshwari and Pampa.

These are only some interesting facts about Hampi. There’s much more to this heritage site and you ought to visit the place to learn about the various stories about its history.



  • Your mobile phone has more computing power than the computers used for the Apollo 11 moon landing.
  • In 1983, the first mobile phones went on sale in the U.S. at almost $4,000 each.
  • Mobile phones have18 times more bacteria than toilet handles.
  • In Japan, 90% of mobile phones are waterproof because youngsters use them even in the shower.
  • Mobile Phone Radiation can cause Insomnia, headaches and confusion.
  • Scientists have developed a way of charging mobile phones using urine.
  • The first mobile phone call was made on 3rd April 1973 by Martin Cooper, a former Motorola inventor who is known as "the father of the cell phone".
  • Apple's iPhone has higher sales than everything Microsoft has to offer.
  • Over 250 million Nokia 1100devices were sold, making it the bestselling electrical gadget in history.
  • More People In The World Have Mobile Phones Than Toilets.
  • China has more internet users on mobile devices than on PCs.
  • So many Facebook photos and videos are uploaded via mobile that it takes up 27% of upstream web traffic.
  • 99% of all mobile malware is targeted at Android users.
  • In 1993, world’s first Smartphone was debuted at Florida’s Wireless World Conference by BellSouth Cellular; it has a LCD touch screen display.  This was designed by IBM and named as Simon, priced at $899.
  • There are more mobile phones than PCs, the ratio is 5 times.
  • 142,000 pounds is the highest ever mobile bill by Celina Aarons.
  • iPhone 5 Black Diamond is the costliest phone in the world, which costs $15 million. It will take nine weeks to build, made of 135 gram solid gold of 24 carat and the chassis was inlaid with 600 white diamonds.
  • The most common use for a mobile is neither calling nor texting but checking the time. This has prompted concerns texting will bring about the death of the wristwatch.
  •  In 1993, IBM released a mobile phone with touch screen and E-mail
  • The first message sent over the Washington-Moscow hotline (aka “Red phone”) was “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog 1234567890″. To make sure all keys on the teletypes were operational.
  • 90% of text messages are read within 3 MINUTES of being delivered.
  • Long before the iPhone there was IBM Simon. Released in 1993 this bulky gadget was the first smart phone and had calendar, fax, touch screen and a host of other features – all for about £500
  • Mobile phone texting came into existence 21 years ago. The first message was sent by Neil Papworth, which was ‘Merry Christmas’.
  • The first photo to be shared using a cell phone was taken by Philippe Kahn in 1997. He sent pictures of his daughter Sophie from the maternity ward. He is a French inventor who developed the world’s very first camera phone.


  • The smell of chocolate increases theta brain waves, which triggers relaxation.
  • White Chocolate isn't technically Chocolate, as it contains no cocoa solids or cocoa liquor.
  • It takes approximately400 cacao beans to make one pound (450 gr.) of chocolate.
  • Every second, Americans collectively eat 100 pounds of chocolate.
  • Chocolate magnate Milton Hershey cancelled his reservations for the Titanic due to last minute business matters.
  • Eating dark chocolate every day reduces the risk of heart disease by one third.
  • Chocolate has an anti-bacterial effect on the mouth and protect against tooth decay.
  • The average chocolate bar contains 8 insect parts.
  • Chocolate can cause headaches and is not recommended in large doses for people who suffer from migraines or chronic headaches.
  • Chocolate contains high doses of caffeine and sugar, chocolate products are largely to blame for ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) in children.
  • The scientific name for the tree that chocolate comes from, Theobroma cacao, means “food of the gods.”
  • The inventor of the chocolate chip cookie, Ruth Wakefield, sold her cookie recipe to Nestle in exchange for a lifetime supply of chocolate.
  • It’s believed that people who are allergic to chocolate are actually allergic to cockroaches, as around eight insect parts are typically found in a bar of chocolate, according to the Food and Drug Administration.
  • The first chocolate bar was invented in 1847 by Joseph Fry.
  • Chocolate’s scent increases theta brain waves, which induce relaxation. This is mainly why people feel better about their problems after eating loads of it.
  • The biggest chocolate bar ever created weighed almost six tons.
  • Chocolate is part of a healthy, balanced diet and it makes you feel great! A substance in chocolate called theobromine triggers the release of endorphins, which are chemicals, produced by the brain, that act like a natural antidepressant. 

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