• During the communal riots that followed the Indo-Pak partition, Milkha lost his parents at a tender age of 12. It was then he ran for his life and came to India.
  • Every day he used to walk a distance of 10 km barefoot from his home to a village school in Pakistan.
  • He wanted to join the Indian Army, but was rejected thrice. He never gave up and got selected in his fourth attempt, when he had enrolled himself in the engineering department.
  • In 1951, when he joined in Secunderabad at the EME Centre. It was here that his talent as an athlete was discovered.
  •  During his fatigue time (the time when the soldiers performed odd jobs) he often trained himself by racing against the meter gauge trains.
  • He used to spit blood, urinate blood and even used to go unconscious during his practice sessions. In fact, there were times when he had to be supplied with oxygen as he was on deathbed for more than a couple of times.
  • His very first competitive race was a cross country race, where Milkha finished 6th amongst 500 racers.
  • During the 1958 Asian Games, he won a gold medal for both 200m and 400m race with a clocking time of 21.6 sec and 47 sec respectively.
  • At the 1958 Cardiff Commonwealth Games, he won a gold medal in 400m with a clocking time of 46.16 sec. It was here that Milkha became the first to win a gold medal at the Commonwealth Games from Independent India
  • After his unbeatable success in 1958 Asian Games in Tokyo, his designation in the Army was changed to Junior Commissioned Officer from a Sepoy.
  • During the 1960 Olympics in Rome, he finished second in 400m race prior to the final race.
  • Unfortunately, Milkha lost the bronze in the final 1960 Olympic race by just 0.1 sec.
  • He became extremely popular during the 1960 Rome Olympics. The actual reason for his popularity was his long beard and hair. Before Milkha,the Romans had not seen any athlete with such unique headgear. In fact, people in Rome were so much fascinated by his headgear that they thought he was a saint and wondered how a saint managed to run so fast.
  • In 1962, Milkha Singh defeated Abdul Khaliq, the fastest Pakistani runner and it was then that he was sobriquet the title of “The Flying Sikh” by Pakistani General, Ayub Kahn.
  • In 1999, Milkha adopted seven year old son of brave Havildar Bikram Singh, who had died fighting in the battle of Tiger Hill during the Kargil War.
  • He sold his biography to Mehra, the Producer and Director of ‘Bhaag Milkha Bhaag’, only for Re. 1.
  • Milkha claims that he had not watched any movie since 1968. But, after he saw “Bhaag Milkha Bhaag” he was intears and was happy that Farhan Akhtar did full justice in playing his character.
  • In 2001, Milkha Singh declined the prestigious “Arjuna Award”, saying it came ‘40 years too late’.
  • He was once caught on a train travelling without a ticket and was sent to Tihar Jail. He was released only after his sister sold off her jewelry to get him bailed.
  • His last desire before he leaves this world is to see an Indian boy or girl, win an Olympic Gold Medal for the country.

1. It is found in a host of colors like green, yellow, red, blue and black. You might see some with stripe sin pink, black and even yellow.

2. The leaves are as varied as the stem. They can be found in whites, yellows, blues and creams. The leaf size can range from ¼” to 60 cm in length.

3. It has been around for 30 million years and still going strong.

4. In Chinese culture bamboo is held in very high regards and it is symbolic of many things.

5. It is a symbol of durability, strength, resilience, and flexibility. It is a proud plant that stands tall and is green all year round.

6. Feng Shui practitioners suggest keeping bamboo plants in front of the house to ensure long lives of the dwellers.

7. It is a boon for the environment as it absorbs carbon dioxide and releases oxygen 30 times more than its own mass.

8. It is often used for absorbing greenhouse gases and production of fresh oxygen.

9. It is the fastest growing plant on this planet. It is the only plant left in the race of matching human consumption and deforestation.

10. One of the most amazing quality of bamboo is its ability renew growth. Even after a harvest new shoots will grow out in no time.

11. Bamboo plantations require no pesticides or fertilizers as it can grow on its own. The leaves droppings are enough to provide it with the necessary nutrients.

12. Bamboo is very successful in controlling soil erosion. Even after the shoots are cut the amazing root system ensures that the soil remains intact.

13. It can be grown in all kinds of climates and soils. Even where other crops might have failed, it will manage to grow.

14. Bamboo is used widely for building materials due to its high tensile strength. You will be shocked to know that the tensile strength of steel is 24,000 psi and of bamboo is 28,000 psi. It can be used as a great replacement for wood in flooring, furniture and utensils too.

15. You will never see an infection on bamboo.It has a natural bio agent called bamboo Kun that prevents bacteria and other pathogens from growing on it.

16. The charcoal of bamboo is very porous and capable of absorbing odor causing bacteria. It is often used for filtering harmful agents from water.

 17. In the market today, you will find bamboo bed sheets, bamboo linens, shirts, deodorants, and even socks.

18. Clothes made out of Bamboo keep the skin cool and dry. These fibers never cling to the body and are great for people with skin allergies. It works as a natural thermostat to control the temperature of the body.

19. Bamboo shoots have been part of the staple diet in many countries in Asia for decades. They are low in fat and calories and easy to digest.

20. Bamboo shoots are rich in fiber and potassium. A single serving of bamboo shoots contains 10% intake of the daily recommended intake. Crunchy bamboo shoots are a delicacy in soups, salads and as complement to the main dish.



  1. Always do the right thing even if nobody is watching.
  2. An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of preaching.
  3. It’s the quality of your life that matters not the speed with which you live.
  4. You’ve got to have a sense of humor to keep your sanity.
  5. God has no religion.
  6.  Prayer is not asking. It is a longing of the soul.
  7. Faith is the food of the Soul - Just as the body cannot exist without blood, so the soul needs the matchless and pure strength of faith
  8. Never lose faith in humanity.
  9. Truth and love always triumphs. 
  10. Be aware of the seven social sins - “Seven social sins: politics without principles, wealth without work, pleasure without conscience, knowledge without character, commerce without morality, science without humanity, and worship without sacrifice.”
  11.  Let go of worry - There is nothing that wastes the body like worry, and one who has any faith in God should be ashamed to worry about anything whatsoever.
  12. Be the change you want to see in the world - “You must be the change you wish to see in the world.”
  13.  Where there is love there will always be peace. 
  14. When you stand with your two feet on the ground, you will always keep your balance.
  15. Each day you are preparing for your future - The future depends on what you do today.
  16. Live each day as if it were your last - Learn as if you were to live forever.
  17. Contrary to what you were lead to believe, forgiveness is not a weakness but a strength - The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
  18.  Love is the strongest force the world possesses.
  19.  Nobody can hurt you without your permission.
  20. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective than the one derived from fear - Power is of two kinds. One is obtained by the fear of punishment and the other by acts of love. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent than the one derived from fear of punishment.”
  21. Never betray your true self.
  22. As you think so shall you be - Keep your thoughts positive because your thoughts become your words. Keep your words positive because your words become your behavior. Keep your behavior positive because your behavior becomes your habits. Keep your habits positive because your habits become your values. Keep your values positive because your values become your destiny.
  23. We treat the world as we treat ourselves.
  24. Your Health is your real wealth - It is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver.

1. Half the international airports, which are located in South India, are within 500 kilometers of each other.

2. The Trichy Airport has the shortest runway among the International Airports, spreading 816 feet.

3. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Airport in Mumbai was initially named The Santa Cruz Airport by the British before it was nationalized post-Independence.

4. Rajiv Gandhi was a professional pilot associated with the Indian Airlines.

5. In India, people are always in a hurry to get off the plane as soon as it lands, often forming queues within the plane and sometimes causing a stampede. This same crowd is somehow disciplined outside of India.

6. Jet Airways, later renamed as Jet Lite, was initially started as an air taxi in 1992.

7. The Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi is the busiest airport in India.

8. The Subhash Chandra Bose airport in Kolkata was initially called ‘Dum Dum Airport’, until it was renamed after India’s freedom fighter

9. Kerala has 3 of the 14 International Airports in India.

10. Domestic flights don’t serve liquor on domestic flights, unless it’s leaving the country soon after its local stop.

11. Air India was originally Tata Airlines in 1932, after which a majority of it was bought over by the Government in World War 2.

12. If a plane is delayed in India, it’s quicker to catch the next one than wait on the same flight.

13. Domestic flights sometimes land on the international terminus.



  • Before the British, Shimla region was ruled by the Nepalese
  • Shimla is Located on 7 Hills 
  • Shimla is one of the youngest cties in the Country
  • Shimla hosts the MTB Himalaya, the Biggest Mountain Biking Race in South East Asia.
  • The Kalka-Shimla Railway is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
  • Shimla has the only Natural Ice Skating Rink in South Asia
  • The Durand Football Tournament was held at Annandale Ground in 1888.
  • Lord Combermere was the First Commander-In–Chief of the Indian Army to visit Shimla in 1828.
  • The Founder of Indian National Congress lived at ‘Rothney Castle’ in Shimla 
  • The Town Hall of Shimla was built In 1888. It is an Earthquake proof building.
  • Gandhi first came to Shimla on 11th May, 1921.
  • The Jakhoo Temple Shrine, believers say, holds the foot prints of Lord Hanuman. 
  • Shimla had its first newspaper – Simla Akhbaar in 1848.
  • The first shop opened in Shimla was a butchery run by Messers Barret & Co.
  • Auckland House School is the only Girl School in India to introduce Scuba Diving.
  • BCS Shimla is one of the Oldest Boarding Schools in Asia.
  • The First Road of Shimla was constructed in 1828.
  • The Gurkha Gate was actually built to honor the Gurkha’s for their support to the British.
  • Shimla Falls in Seismic Zone IV.
  • The northern slope of Ridge is sinking.
  • The Shimla Convention is a Century old. Tibetans are still in Exile.
  • From the North Side of Ridge the Rain water drains into Sutlej River and is carried into Arabian Sea, South side drains into Yamuna and flows to Bay of Bengal. 

For Indian forces deployed in Siachen, it is less of a challenge to watch out for the frail Pakistani forces but to just stay atop this 76 kilometers long glacier at 5,400 meters altitude (nearly twice the altitude of Ladakh and Kargil) in itself means you have to defy all of your physical, mental and spiritual limits.

1. In Siachen, you are at the risk of getting a deadly frostbite if your bare skin touches steel (gun trigger, for example) for just over fifteen seconds.

2. Mountain climbers climb when the weather is at its best; soldiers serve in these treacherous terrains all year round.

3. The human body just cannot acclimatize over 5,400 meters

4. Speech blurring is as obvious as toothpaste freezing in the tube

5. Snowstorms in Siachen can last 3 weeks.

6. Yearly snowfall in Siachen can be well over 3 dozen feet

7. The 7th Pay commission may consider the unique challenges faced by the army jawans who man the territory all through the year.

8. Soldiers find ways to entertain themselves when they can.

9. Fresh food – that’s rare. Very rare. At Siachen, an orange or an apple can freeze to the hardness of a cricket ball in no time.

10. Army pilots literally push their helicopters well beyond their optimal performance, every day!

11. In the last 30 years, 846 soldiers have sacrificed their lives at Siachen.

12. A War Memorial at the Bank of Nubra River has the names of Indian soldiers who laid their lives in Siachen.

13. Local saying: “The land is so barren and the passes so high that only the best of friends and fiercest of enemies come by.’

14. In Siachen, the Indian Army spends as much as 80% of its time preparing soldiers of deployment.

15. “We do the difficult as a routine. The impossible may take a little longer”

16. When you go home, tell them of us and say, for your tomorrow we gave our today.





Here is a list of 15 things which, if you give up on them, will make your life a lot easier and much, much happier. 
We hold on to so many things that cause us a great deal of pain, stress and suffering – and instead of letting them all go, instead of allowing ourselves to be stress free and happy – we cling on to them. 
Here we go:

1. Give up your need to always be right 

2. Give up your need for control

3. Give up on blame

4. Give up your self-defeating self-talk

5. Give up your limiting beliefs

6. Give up complaining

7. Give up the luxury of criticism

8. Give up your need to impress others.

9. Give up your resistance to change

10. Give up labels

11. Give up on your fears

12. Give up your excuses

13. Give up the past

14. Give up attachment

15. Give up living your life to other people’s expectations




I believe that one of the most common wishes is simply to feel more confident in various situations in life.
Whatever we expect with confidence becomes our own self-fulfilling prophecyHope you will find something useful in this article to help you improve and maintain your own levels of confidence.
1. Take action. Get it done.
The most important step in building self confidence is simply to take action. Working on something and getting it done. Sitting at home and thinking about it will just make you feel worse.
  • Be present - One of the simplest ways to connect with the present moment is just to keep your focus on your breathing for a minute or two.
  • Lighten up - Relax a bit and lighten up you often realize that those problems and negative feelings are just something you are creating in your own mind. With a lighter state of mind your tasks seems lighter and become easier to get started with. 
  • Really, really want it - Taking action isn’t something you have to force. Taking action becomes a very natural thing. It’s something you can’t wait to do.

2. Face your fear
There are ways to face your fears that do not include that much shaking of the knees. 
  • Be curious - One way is to remember how life has become more fun in the past thanks to your curiosity and to remember all the cool things it helped you to discover and experience.
  • Realize that fear is often based on unhelpful interpretation - The problem is just that we often find negative and not so helpful patterns in our lives based on just one or two experiences.

3. Understand in what order things happen.
The thing is, when you do things you don’t just build confidence in your ability to handle different situations. You also experience progressive desensitization. 

4. Prepare.
“One important key to success is self-confidence. An important key to self- confidence is preparation. Prepare and you will feel more comfortable and confident. Just don’t make the mistake of getting stuck in the preparation phase and using it as a way to avoid taking action and the possible pain that it may result in.
5. Realize that failure or being wrong will not kill you.
Confidence comes not from always being right but from not fearing to be wrong
  • You learn - Instead of seeing failure as something horrible you can start to view it more as a learning experience.
  • You gain experiences you could not get any other way. 
  • Your chances of succeeding increases - Every time you fail you can learn and increase your inner strength. So every failure can make you more and more likely to succeed.

6. Get to know who you are and what you want out of life.
To build and find more confidence in yourself you have to get to know yourself better. Go exploring. Face some of your fears. Fail over and over and understand that it isn’t really that big of a deal. Grow stronger through such experiences and also become more internally relaxed.





Newspaper/Journal Name

Founder

Bengal Gazette(1780)(India's First Newspaper)
J.K.Hikki
Kesari
B.G.Tilak
Maharatta
B.G.Tilak
Sudharak
G.K.Gokhale
Amrita Bazar Patrika
Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh
Vande Mataram
Aurobindo Ghosh
Native Opinion
V.N. Mandalik
Kavivachan Sudha
Bhartendu Harishchandra
Rast Goftar(first newspaper in Gujrati)
Dadabhai Naoroji
New India(Weekly)
Bipin Chandra Pal
Statesman
Robert Knight
Hindu
Vir Raghavacharya and G.S. Aiyar
Sandhya
B.B. Upadhyaya
Vichar Lahiri
Krishnashastri Chiplunkar
Hindu Patriot
Girish Chandra Ghosh(later Harish Chandra Mukherji)
Som Prakesh
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
Yugantar
Bhupendranath Data and Barinder Kumar Ghosh
Bombay Chronicle
Firoze Shah Mehta
Hindustan
M.M. Malviya
Mooknayak
B.R. Ambedkar
Comrade
Mohammad Ali
Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq
Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan
Al-Hilal
Abul Kalam Azad
Al-Balagh
Abul Kalam Azad
Independent
Motilal Nehru
Punjabi
Lala Lajpat Rai
New India(Daily)
Annie Besant
Commonweal
Annie Besant
Pratap
Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi
Essays in Indian Economics
M.G. Ranade
Samvad Kaumudi (Bengali)
Ram Mohan Roy
Mirat-ul-Akbhar
Ram Mohan Roy(first Persian Newspaper)
Indian Mirror
Devendra Nath Tagore
Nav Jeevan
M.K Ghandhi
Young India
M.K Ghandhi
Harijan
M.K Ghandhi
Prabudha Bharat
Swami Vivekananda
Udbodhana
Swami Vivekananda
Indian Socialist
Shyamji Krishna Verma
Talwar(in Berlin)
Birendra Nath Chattopadhyaya
Free Hindustan(in Vancouver)
Tarak Nath Das
Hindustan Times
K.M. Pannikar
Kranti
Mirajkar, Joglekar, Ghate


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